Lappila EC site. Photo: Mika Aurela

Coordinates: N60°49.874' E25°10.309' Altitude (m.a.s.l.): 95 Ecosystem type: Spruce and birch plantation Station type: GRK Infra Oy pilot forestation study site


  • CO₂ flux (EC at 2.2 m since 06/2020 – 08/2022)

  • Supporting environmental data: Air temperature, air humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, wind speed and direction, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation, precipitation


Climate data point: FMISID: ISID: 101154, WMO: 02767 (2000-2019) Average temperature (°C): 4.8 Annual precipitation (mm): 644 Average snow depth at mid-March (cm): 27 Median period of snow cover: Dec 22 – April 6


Vegetation type: Young plantation of spruce (Picea abies) and birch (Betula spp.) saplings and grass (Festuca pratensis) Mean vegetation height (m): 0.3–0.6 Max projected LAI: 5.0 Soil type: Clay, topsoil organic growth layer Stand volume (m³ ha⁻¹): - Tree density (ha⁻¹): 500 Tree age (years): spruce and birch seedlings planted in 06/2020