Climate System Research

The unit studies the processes, coupling and feedbacks which affect the climate system, and the past, present and future state of the climate. The research particularly focuses on atmosphere, oceans, sea ice and land ecosystems.

Main research themes and activities of the unit

  • Modelling the atmosphere including aerosols, clouds, radiation and interactions with oceans
  • Estimating exchange of greenhouse gases between the atmosphere and ecosystems by means of site  versatile site observations and local, regional and global process modeling
  • Monitoring accurate atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse  gases and using the data in estimations of regional and global GHG source strengths by means of inverse atmospheric modeling
  • Developing earth system model land surface process descriptions and improving model parametrisations by means of sophisticated model-data fusion techniques
  • ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observation System) activities of the Finnish Meteorological Institute and European auditing Mobile laboratory of the ICOS Atmospheric Thematic Centre
  • Participating in CMIP-6 work (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6) and co-operating with INAR (Institute for Atmospheric and Earth system Research) in the field of global climate modelling
  • Participating in GCP work (The Global Carbon Project) in the field of global greenhouse gas modelling