Currently operational sites

Basic information
 Station name Kaamanen
 Coordinates N69°8.435', E27°16.189
 Altitude (masl) 155
 Ecosystem type Fen
 Networks 
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-flux (EC) LI7000 + USA-1 5 04/1997→ x
 CH4-flux (EC) LGR 5 07/2010→ x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, water level height, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data pointLPNN 9601 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) -0.4
 Annual precipitation (mm) 472
 Average snow depth at mid-March (cm) 61
 Median snow cover start date Oct 29
 Median snow cover end date May 10
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Sedges, shrubs and mosses
 Mean vegetation height (m) 0.3
 Max projected LAI 0.7
 Soil type Peat
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x
Basic information
 Station name Kenttärova
 Coordinates N67° 59.237', E24°14.579'
 Altitude (masl) 347
 Ecosystem type Spruce forest
 Networks

 ICOS associate ecosystem station,

 CryoNet station of GCW

Currently ongoing observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-flux (EC) LI7000 + USA-1 2301/2003 → x
 CO2 and CH4 flux (manual chamber) Picarro G2301 Forest floor07/2016 → x
 CO2- and CH4 - concentration Picarro G2301 2, 10, 20 06/2012 → x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation, LW radiation, precipitation, snow depth
 
Climatology and vegetation 
 Climate data point LPNN 8201 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C)  -1.4
 Annual precipitation (mm)  484
 Average snow depth at mid-March (cm) 72
 Median snow cover start date Oct 24
 Median snow cover end date May 14
 Environment (in 2002) 
 Vegetation type Norway spruce forest
 Mean vegetation height  13 m
 Max projected LAI  2.2
 Soil type Podzol
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) -
 Tree density (ha-1) 1050
 Tree age (years) 70-160
Basic information
 Station name Lompolojänkkä
 Coordinates N67°59.835', E24°12.546'
 Altitude (masl) 269
 Ecosystem type Open, nutrient-rich sedge fen
 Networks ICOS Class II ecosystem site
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
CO2-concentration LI6262 3 03/2005 → x
CH4-concentration GC 3 03/2005 -11/2011 x
 CO2-flux (EC) LI7200 + USA-1 303/2005 → x
 CH4-flux (EC) LGR 3 08/2006 → x
 CH4-flux (EC) FID 3 03/2005 -08/2006 x
 CH4 + N2O -flux (manual chamber) GC  Ground 08/2004 → x
 CH4 + CO2 -flux (manual chamber) LGR Ground 06/2016 → x
CH4-flux (automatic chamber) GC, LGR Ground 2007 → x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, water level height, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 8201 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) -1.4
 Annual precipitation (mm) 484
 Average snow depth at mid-March (cm) 72
 Median snow cover start date Oct 24
 Median snow cover end date May 14
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Shrubs, sphagnum mosses
 Mean vegetation height (m) 0.4
 Max projected LAI 1.3
 Soil type Peat
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x
Basic information
 Station name Pallaslompolonniemi
 Coordinates N68° 0.280', E24°12.254'
 Altitude (masl) 267
 Ecosystem type Lake
 Networks 
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-flux (EC) LI7000 + USA-1 2.5 07/2013 → x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, water temperature, water level, PPFD, net radiation
Climatology and vegetation 
 Climate data point LPNN 8201 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C)-1.4
 Annual precipitation (mm) 484
 Average snow depth at mid-March (cm) 72
 Median snow cover start date Oct 24
 Median snow cover end date May 14
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Lake
 Mean vegetation height (m) x
 Max projected LAI x
 Soil type x
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x
 
 Station name Sammaltunturi
 Coordinates N67°58.400' E24°06.939'
 Altitude (masl) 565
 Ecosystem type Fell top/ tundra
 Networks Main WMO-GAW site;
 Main ICOS atmospheric station
Observations
 Parameter Instrument

Measurement

height (m)

 PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)

CO2 concentration

LI-6262, LI-7000

 7

07/1998 - 10/2012

 x

CH4 concentration

GC/FID

Picarro G1301, G2401

7

7

02/2004 -
01/2009

01/2009 -->

 x
N2O concentration

GC/ECD

LGR N2O/CO-23-EP

7

7

02/2004 - 12/2015

07/2013-->

 x
SF6 concentrationGC/ECD 702/2004 - 12/2015 x
H2 concentrationGC/RGD 7 09/2006 - 12/2014 x
CO concentration

GC/FID

GC/RGD

Picarro G2401

LGR N2O/CO-23-EP

7

7

7

2.5

02/2004 - 01/2009

09/2006 - 12/2014

12/2011 -->

07/2013

 x
 CO2-flux (EC) LI-7000 +USA-1 2.5 06/2011 → x
Supporting observationsAir temperature, air humidity, PPFD, Global radiation, soil temperature profile, soil humidity, soil heat flux, trace gases, radon, aerosol properties
Climatology and vegetation 
 Climate data point LPNN 8201 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C)  -1.4
 Annual precipitation (mm)  484
 Average snow depth at mid-March (cm) 72
 Median snow cover start date Oct 24
 Median snow cover end date May 14
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Shrubs
 Mean vegetation height  20 cm
 Max projected LAI -
 Soil type Bare bedrock / rock field, partly covered by thin humus layer
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x
Basic information
 Station name Sodankylä forest        
 Coordinates N67°21.708' , E26°38.29'
 Altitude (masl) 179
 Ecosystem type Scots pine forest; Uliginosum-Vaccinium-Empetrum (UVET) type
 Networks

 ICOS Class I ecosystem site

 CryoNet station of GCW

 Station web-page (Sodankylä Arctic Research Centre)
Observations
ParameterInstrumentMeasurement height (m)Measurement period

Coordinates
(if specific)

CO2-concentrationLI62622, 10, 23, 4806/2012 → x
CO2, CH4 and CO-concentrationsG24012, 23, 4806/2012→ x
CO2-flux (EC)LI7000 + USA-122.506/1999 → x
CO2-flux (EC)LI7200 + USA-122.509/2012 →N67°21.71',  E26°38.59'
CO2-flux (EC, below-canopy)LI7500 + USA-1205/2006 → x
CO2-flux (automatic chamber)LI6262forest floor10/2000 → (growing season) x
CO2-flux (manual chamber)EGM-2 (PP System)forest floor06/2003 → (growing season) x
CO2-flux (automatic chamber)LI840 (Li-Cor)forest floor06/2010 →
(growing season)
 x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation, boundary layer Doppler-lidar.
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 7501 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C)  -0.4
 Annual precipitation (mm)  527
 Average snow depth at mid-March (cm) 75
 Median snow cover start date Sep 26
 Median snow cover end date May 14
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Pinus sylvestris; forest floor: e.g. lichens, mosses and small shrubs
 Mean vegetation height (m) 12
 Max projected LAI -1.2
 Soil typeSandy Podzol
 Stand volume m3 ha-1 -
 Tree density (ha-1) 2100
 Tree age (years) 60-160
Basic information
 Station name Halssiaapa
 Coordinates N67°22.117' E26°39.244'
 Altitude (masl) 180
 Ecosystem type Fen
 Networks CryoNet station of GCW
 Station web-page (Sodankylä Arctic Research Centre)
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)Period

Coordinates
(if specific)

 CO2-flux (EC) LI-7200 + USA-1 6.5 06/2012 → x
 CH4-flux (EC) LGR 6.5 06/2012 → x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, water level height, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 7501 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C)  -0.4
 Annual precipitation (mm) 527
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 75
 Median snow cover start date Sep 26
 Median snow cover end date May 14
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Sedges, sphagnum mosses, shrubs
 Mean vegetation height (m) TBD in 2013
 Max projected LAI TBD in 2013
 Soil type Peat
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) TBD in 2013
 Tree density (ha-1) TBD in 2013
 Tree age (years) TBD in 2013
Basic information
 Station name Sodankylä observatory
 Coordinates N67° 22.02', E26°37.837'
 Altitude (masl) 180
 Ecosystem type Scots pine forest;
 Networks 
 Station web-page (Sodankylä Arctic Research Centre)
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 Atmospheric column
 CO2, CH4 and N2O
 TCCON
 FTIR
 x 02/2009
 →
 x
 Supporting
 observations
 Meteorology, satellite receiving station, snow properties
 etc
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 7501 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C)  -0.4
 Annual precipitation (mm) 527
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 75
 Median snow cover start date Sep 26
 Median snow cover end date May 14
 Environment 
 Vegetation type -
 Mean vegetation height (m) -
 Max projected LAI -
 Soil type -
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) -
 Tree density (ha-1) -
 Tree age (years) -
Basic information
 Station name

 Puijo

 Coordinates N62°54.564', E27°39.309'
 Altitude (masl) 230
 Ecosystem type Semi-urban
 Networks Main ICOS atmospheric station
 Station web-page (Puijo Observatory)
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2, CH4 and
 H2O-
 concentrations
Picarro G2301 85 06/2011→ x
Supporting observationsAll basic weather parameters, O3, NOx and SO2- concentrations, aerosol particle number size distribution and optical properties, PM, cloud droplet number size distribution, boundary layer Doppler-lidar.
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 3601 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) 3.1
 Annual precipitation (mm) 638
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 50
 Median snow cover start date Nov 26
 Median snow cover end date Apr 23
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Picea abies; forest floor: e.g. mosses
and small shrubs
 Mean vegetation height (m) -
 Max projected LAI -
 Soil type Moraine
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) -
 Tree density (ha-1) -
 Tree age (years)  200 (max. age)
Basic information
 Station name Lettosuo
 Coordinates N60°38.510' E23°57.583'
 Altitude (masl) 111
 Ecosystem type Scots pine forest with some spruce and birch; Vaccinium-myrtillus (MT) type
 Networks ICOS associate ecosystem site
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-flux (EC) LI7000 + USA-1 25.5 09/2009→ x
CO2-flux (automatic  chamber) Picarro G1301 Forest floor 09/2010→ x
 CH4-flux (automatic chamber) Picarro G1301 Forest floor

 02/2011 - 12/2012

 06/2015→

 x
N2O-flux (automatic chamber) Los Gatos N2OCO-23d Forest floor 05/2015→x
 CO2-flux (manual chamber) GASMET DX4015 Forest floor

 06/2009 - 11/2011

 06/2015 - 08/2017

 x
CH4 and N2O -fluxes (manual chamber) GASMET DX4015 Forest floor

 06/2009 - 11/2011

 06/2015 - 08/2017

 x

Supporting observations

Air temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation, DIC and DOC in the discharge water
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 1201 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) 4.6
 Annual precipitation (mm) 627
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 28
 Median snow cover start date Dec 13
 Median snow cover end date Apr 8
 Environment 
 Vegetation type

 Pinus sylvestris, some undergrown Picea abies and Betula; forest floor: e.g. mosses and small shrubs

After harvest: Picea abies and Betula

 Mean vegetation height (m)

 20 (before harvest)

 

 Max projected LAI -
 Soil type Peat; originally herb-rich tall sedge birch-pine fen
 Stand volume (m3ha-1) 230 (before harvest)
 Tree density (ha-1) 2200 (before harvest)
 Tree age (years) Varying, site has been drained in 1971
Basic information
 Station name Tervalamminsuo
 Coordinates N60°38.74' , E23°58.40'
 Altitude (masl) 117
 Ecosystem type Bog
 Station characterization 
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-flux (EC) LI7200 + USA-1 7 06/2012→ x
CH4-flux (manual chamber) GC Ground 07/2014 → x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, water level height, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation, long-wave radiation.
Basic information
 Station name Kumpula
 Coordinates N60°12.233, E24°57.649'
 Altitude (masl) 26
Ecosystem type Urban park area
Station characterization

Urban station on Kumpula campus area

Station web-page (Kumpula Smear III)
Observations
 Parameter InstrumentMeasurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2 and CH4 
 -concentrations
 Picarro G1301 30 02/2010
 →
N60°12.233, E24°57.649'
 CO2-fluxLI7000, LI7500 and Metek USA-1 29 m 01/2006
 →
N60°12.17, E24°57.671'
Supporting observationsFull range of meteorology, aerosol properties, aerosol chemistry and trace gases, weather radar, boundary layer Doppler-lidar etc.
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 304 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) 5.9
 Annual precipitation (mm) 655
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 23
 Median snow cover start date Dec 31
 Median snow cover end date Apr 6
 Environment 
 Vegetation typeUrban park area
 Mean vegetation height (m) -
 Max projected LAI -
 Soil type -
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) -
 Tree density (ha-1) -
 Tree age (years) -
Basic information
 Station name Ämmässuo
 Coordinates N60°14.190,
 E24°32.063
 Altitude (masl) 73
 Ecosystem type Landfill
 Station characterization Landfill
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
CO2-flux (EC) LI7000 + USA-1 5 06/2003
 →
 x
CH4-flux (EC) LGR 5 06/2003
 →
 x
Supporting observations    Temperature, RH, Net radiation, soil temperature
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN  301 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C)  5.3
 Annual precipitation (mm)  682
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm)  21
 Median snow cover start date Dec 28
 Median snow cover end date Apr 3
 Environment Landfill
 Vegetation type 
 Mean vegetation height (m) x
 Max projected LAI x
 Soil type x
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x
Basic information
 Station name Utö
 Coordinates N59° 47.034' , E21° 22.030'
 Altitude (masl) 8
 Ecosystem type Outer archipelago
 Station characterization Main ICOS atmospheric station
 Station web-page (Utö Atmospheric and Marine Research Station)
Observations
 Parameter InstrumentMeasurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2, CH4 and
 CO-concentrations
Picarro G2401 56 04/2012→

N59° 47.034', 
E21° 22.03'

 CO2-fluxLicor 7200 + Metek USA-1 8 m (13 m.a.s.l) 09/2012→N59° 46.926', 
E21° 21.406'
 pCO2Sunburst SAMI2 -5 m 10/2012→

N59° 46.958', 
E21° 21.036'

 Supporting observationsMeteorology, solar radiation, waves, sea ice cover, aerosol properties, boundary layer Doppler-lidar etc (link: a complete list of observations at Utö)
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 2 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) 6.5
 Annual precipitation (mm) 549
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 8
 Median snow cover start date Jan 23
 Median snow cover end date Mar 15
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Open rocky island with some shrubs and grass.
 Mean vegetation height (m) < 0.5
 Max projected LAI x
 Soil type Rock and gravel
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x
Basic information
 Station name Tiksi Observatory
 Coordinates N71°35.791',
 E128°53.327'
 Altitude (masl) 19
 Ecosystem type Tundra (permafrost)
 Station characterization 
 Station web-page (Hydrometeorological Observatory of Tiksi)
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
CO2 and CH4 - concentrations
 LGR 10 07/2010
 →
N71°35.791' E128°53.327'
Altitude: 19  masl

CO2-flux

 LI7000 3 07/2010
  →
N71°35.655' E128°53.270'
Altitude: 7  masl
CH4-flux LGR 3 06/2011
 →
N71°35.655' E128°53.270'
Altitude: 7  masl
Supporting observationsMeteorology, aerosol size distributions and properties, soil temperature and moisture
Climatology and vegetation
 Average temperature (°C) -12.7
 Annual precipitation (mm) 323
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) -
 Median snow cover start date -
 Median snow cover end date -
 Environment Permafrost
 Vegetation type -
 Mean vegetation height (m) < 0.2
 Max projected LAI -
 Soil type Peat/mineral soil
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x
Basic information
 Station name Ice base Cape Baranova
 Coordinates N79°16.824',
 E101°37.053
 Altitude (masl) 20
 Ecosystem type Arctic semidesert
 Station characterization 
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2, CH4 and H2O- concentrationsPicarro G2401  10 10/2015 → 
Supporting observationsMeteorology, aerosol size distributions and optical properties, CO and SO2 concentration
Basic information
 Station name Welgegund
 Coordinates S26°34'10", E26°56'21"
 Altitude (masl) 1480
 Ecosystem type Grazed grassland-savannah
 Station characterization Regional background site
Station web-page (Welgegund measurement station)
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-fluxLicor 7000  + USA-1  8 08/2010 → 
Supporting observationsMeteorology, trace gases, aerosol properties, solar radiation, albedo, soil moisture and temperatures (link: full list of observations).
Climatology and vegetation
 Average Temperature -
 Annual precipitation -
 Environment Grazed grassland savannah
 Vegetation type Grazed grassland savannah
 Mean vegetation height (m) 5
 Max projected LAI -
 Soil type Sandy tilt
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) -
 Tree density (ha-1) -
 Tree age (years) -
Basic information
 Station name Marambio
 Coordinates S64°15', W56°38'
 Altitude (masl) 198
 Ecosystem type Permafrost
 Station characterization -
 Station information in Wikipedia
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement
 height (m)
PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2, CH4 and H2O -concentrations Picarro
 G2301
 8 m 2013/02 → x
Supporting observationsBasic meteorology, aerosol size distributions, optical properties and chemistry (filter samples), ozone concentration, UV radiation and UV albedo, UV and ozone in total column, ozone soundings.
Climatology and vegetation
 Average Temperature (°C) -8.9°C
 Annual precipitation (mm) 707 mm
 Average snow depth -
 Environment Marine Antarctic
 Vegetation type x
 Mean vegetation height (m) x
 Max projected LAI x
 Soil type -
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x

Basic information

 

 Station name

 Kalevansuo

 Coordinates

 N60°38.81', E24°21.37'

 Altitude (masl)

 123

 Ecosystem type

 Scots pine forest with some birch and small spruce in the gaps.

 Networks

 

 

Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-flux LI7000 + USA-1 21.5 09/2004-04/2009 x
 CO2-flux (automatic chamber) LI840 (Licor) Forest floor 09/2010 - x
 CO2-flux (manual chamber)  EGM-4 (PP-system) Forest floor 08/2004 - 12/2005 x
 CH4 and N2O-fluxes (manual chamber) GC Forest floor 08/2004 - 12/2005 x
 Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 1302 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) 4.6
 Annual precipitation (mm) 660
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 31
 Median snow cover start date Dec 10
 Median snow cover end date Apr 11
 Environment 
 Vegetation typePinus sylvestris, Picea abies L., Betula pubescens Roth.
Forest floor: forest and mire dwarf shrubs mixed with some cottongrass and cloudberry.
 Mean vegetation height (m) 18
 Max projected LAI 1.5
 Soil type Peat; originally herb-rich tall sedge birch-pine fen
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) 130
 Tree density (ha-1) 1700
 Tree age (years) Varying, site has been drained in 1969
Basic information
Station name Alkkia
Coordinates                 N62°11.002' E22°47.054'
Altitude (masl) 158
Ecosystem type Scots pine forest
Networks  -
Observations
ParameterInstrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
CO2-fluxLI7000 + ATI SWS211 18 08/2002 -09/2004 x
CO2-fluxManual opaque chamber + EGM Forest floor 04/2003-03/2005 x
CH4 and N2O- fluxManual opaque chamber + GC Forest floor 04/2003-03/2005 x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, ground water level, PPFD, global radiation, net radiation
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 2101 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) 4.1
 Annual precipitation (mm) 681
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 44
 Median snow cover start date Dec 11
 Median snow cover end date Apr 19
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Mainly Pinus sylvestris, some Betula bendula and B. pubescens; forest floor: e.g. Rubus idaeus, Epilobium angustifolium, Urtica dioica…
 Mean vegetation height (m) 12.1
 Max projected LAI Forest canopy 1.6, forest floor 2.0
 Soil type Peat, amended with a mineral soil admixture.
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) 126
 Tree density (ha-1) 977
 Tree age (years) 30
Basic information
 Station name Jokioinen
 Coordinates                 N60°53.93' , E23°30.86'
 Altitude (masl) 104
 Ecosystem type Agricultural field
 Networks -
Observations
ParameterInstrumentMeasurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
CO2-flux (EC)LI6262 + SWS211302/2000- 08/2003x x
CH4 and N2O-flux (manual chamber) GC Ground 09/1999-08/2002 x
CO2-flux (manual chamber) LI-6262 Ground 2000-2002
(growing seasons)
 x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 1201 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature  (°C) 4.6
 Annual precipitation  (mm) 627
 Snow depth at mid-March (1981-2010) (cm) 28
 Median snow cover start date Dec 13
 Median snow cover end date Apr 8
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Mixed cereals May - Oct 2000, bare soil Oct 2000-May 2001, Spring barley May-September 2001, under-sown grass since that.
 Mean vegetation height (m) 1 (maximum height)
 Max projected LAI 5.9
 Soil type Peat; originally herb-rich tall sedge birch-pine fen
 Stand volume
(m3 ha-1)
 x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x
Puijo towerGo to ICOS Finland webpage
KenttärovaGo to ICOS Finland webpage
KaamanenGo to ICOS Finland webpage
Go to ICOS Finland webpage
SammaltunturiSiirry Global Atmosphere Watchin verkkosivuille

Go to ICOS Finland webpage
UtöGo to ICOS Finland webpage
LompolojänkkäGo to ICOS Finland webpage
LettosuoGo to ICOS Finland webpage
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2, CH4 and H2O- concentrationsPicarro G2401  10 10/2015 → 
Supporting observationsMeteorology, aerosol size distributions and optical properties, CO and SO2 concentration
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2, CH4 and H2O- concentrationsPicarro G2401  10 10/2015 → 
Supporting observationsMeteorology, aerosol size distributions and optical properties, CO and SO2 concentration
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-fluxLicor 7000  + USA-1  8 08/2010 → 
Supporting observationsMeteorology, trace gases, aerosol properties, solar radiation, albedo, soil moisture and temperatures (link: full list of observations).
Climatology and vegetation
 Average Temperature -
 Annual precipitation -
 Environment Grazed grassland savannah
 Vegetation type Grazed grassland savannah
 Mean vegetation height (m) 5
 Max projected LAI -
 Soil type Sandy tilt
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) -
 Tree density (ha-1) -
 Tree age (years) -
Basic information
 Station name Marambio
 Coordinates S64°15', W56°38'
 Altitude (masl) 198
 Ecosystem type Permafrost
 Station characterization -
 Station information in Wikipedia
Basic information
 Station name Marambio
 Coordinates S64°15', W56°38'
 Altitude (masl) 198
 Ecosystem type Permafrost
 Station characterization -
 Station information in Wikipedia
Climatology and vegetation
 Average Temperature (°C) -8.9°C
 Annual precipitation (mm) 707 mm
 Average snow depth -
 Environment Marine Antarctic
 Vegetation type x
 Mean vegetation height (m) x
 Max projected LAI x
 Soil type -
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x

Basic information

 

 Station name

 Kalevansuo

 Coordinates

 N60°38.81', E24°21.37'

 Altitude (masl)

 123

 Ecosystem type

 Scots pine forest with some birch and small spruce in the gaps.

 Networks

 

 

Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-flux LI7000 + USA-1 21.5 09/2004-04/2009 x
 CO2-flux (automatic chamber) LI840 (Licor) Forest floor 09/2010 - x
 CO2-flux (manual chamber)  EGM-4 (PP-system) Forest floor 08/2004 - 12/2005 x
 CH4 and N2O-fluxes (manual chamber) GC Forest floor 08/2004 - 12/2005 x
 Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation
Observations
 Parameter Instrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
 CO2-flux LI7000 + USA-1 21.5 09/2004-04/2009 x
 CO2-flux (automatic chamber) LI840 (Licor) Forest floor 09/2010 - x
 CO2-flux (manual chamber)  EGM-4 (PP-system) Forest floor 08/2004 - 12/2005 x
 CH4 and N2O-fluxes (manual chamber) GC Forest floor 08/2004 - 12/2005 x
 Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation
Basic information
Station name Alkkia
Coordinates                 N62°11.002' E22°47.054'
Altitude (masl) 158
Ecosystem type Scots pine forest
Networks  -
Observations
ParameterInstrument Measurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
CO2-fluxLI7000 + ATI SWS211 18 08/2002 -09/2004 x
CO2-fluxManual opaque chamber + EGM Forest floor 04/2003-03/2005 x
CH4 and N2O- fluxManual opaque chamber + GC Forest floor 04/2003-03/2005 x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, ground water level, PPFD, global radiation, net radiation
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 2101 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) 4.1
 Annual precipitation (mm) 681
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 44
 Median snow cover start date Dec 11
 Median snow cover end date Apr 19
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Mainly Pinus sylvestris, some Betula bendula and B. pubescens; forest floor: e.g. Rubus idaeus, Epilobium angustifolium, Urtica dioica…
 Mean vegetation height (m) 12.1
 Max projected LAI Forest canopy 1.6, forest floor 2.0
 Soil type Peat, amended with a mineral soil admixture.
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) 126
 Tree density (ha-1) 977
 Tree age (years) 30
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 2101 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature (°C) 4.1
 Annual precipitation (mm) 681
 Snow depth at mid-March (cm) 44
 Median snow cover start date Dec 11
 Median snow cover end date Apr 19
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Mainly Pinus sylvestris, some Betula bendula and B. pubescens; forest floor: e.g. Rubus idaeus, Epilobium angustifolium, Urtica dioica…
 Mean vegetation height (m) 12.1
 Max projected LAI Forest canopy 1.6, forest floor 2.0
 Soil type Peat, amended with a mineral soil admixture.
 Stand volume (m3 ha-1) 126
 Tree density (ha-1) 977
 Tree age (years) 30
Observations
ParameterInstrumentMeasurement height (m)PeriodCoordinates
(if specific)
CO2-flux (EC)LI6262 + SWS211302/2000- 08/2003x x
CH4 and N2O-flux (manual chamber) GC Ground 09/1999-08/2002 x
CO2-flux (manual chamber) LI-6262 Ground 2000-2002
(growing seasons)
 x
Supporting observationsAir temperature + humidity, soil temperature, soil heat flux, soil moisture, PPFD, global radiation, albedo, net radiation
Climatology and vegetation
 Climate data point LPNN 1201 (1981-2010)
 Average temperature  (°C) 4.6
 Annual precipitation  (mm) 627
 Snow depth at mid-March (1981-2010) (cm) 28
 Median snow cover start date Dec 13
 Median snow cover end date Apr 8
 Environment 
 Vegetation type Mixed cereals May - Oct 2000, bare soil Oct 2000-May 2001, Spring barley May-September 2001, under-sown grass since that.
 Mean vegetation height (m) 1 (maximum height)
 Max projected LAI 5.9
 Soil type Peat; originally herb-rich tall sedge birch-pine fen
 Stand volume
(m3 ha-1)
 x
 Tree density (ha-1) x
 Tree age (years) x
UtöGo to ICOS Finland webpage
KenttärovaGo to ICOS Finland webpage
Puijo towerGo to ICOS Finland webpage
Go to ICOS Finland webpage
KaamanenGo to ICOS Finland webpage
Puijo towerGo to ICOS Finland webpage
LettosuoGo to ICOS Finland webpage
UtöGo to ICOS Finland webpage
SammaltunturiSiirry Global Atmosphere Watchin verkkosivuille

Go to ICOS Finland webpage
UtöGo to ICOS Finland webpage
KaamanenGo to ICOS Finland webpage
SammaltunturiSiirry Global Atmosphere Watchin verkkosivuille

Go to ICOS Finland webpage