Assessment of the cost of inaction regarding climate change (KUITTI)
The KUITTI project conducts an assessment of the direct and induced cost of climate change induced risks for Finland for different levels of adaptation. The results of the project will help to better understand the most significant economic risks posed by climate change and the most effective measures to reduce these risks.
Final report (in Finnish, abstract in English)
Perrels, A., Haakana, J., Hakala, O., Kujala, S., Láng-Ritter, I., Lehtonen, H., Lintunen, J., Pohjola, J., Sane, M., Fronzek, S., Luhtala, S., Mervaala, E., Luomaranta, A., Jylhä, K., Koikkalainen, K., Kuntsi-Reunanen, E., Rautio, T., Tuomenvirta, H., Uusivuori, J., & Veijalainen, N. 2022. Kustannusarviointi ilmastonmuutokseen liittyvästä toimimattomuudesta (KUITTI). (Assessment of the cost of inaction regarding climate change (KUITTI). Abstract in English.) Valtioneuvoston kanslia, Helsinki. Valtioneuvoston selvitys- ja tutkimustoiminnan julkaisusarja 2022:3. 159 s.
Perrels, A., Pohjola, J., Kujala, S., Hakala, O., Lehtonen, H., Lintunen, J., Haakana, J. (eds.) 2022. Proactive adaptation to climate change creates more benefits than reactive adaptation. Policy Brief. Prime Minister's Office Finland, Helsinki. Article Series of Government's analysis, assessment and research activities 16/2022. 5 p.
The aim of the KUITTI project is to provide a well-founded assessment of the direct and induced cost of climate change induced risks for Finland for different levels of adaptation. The assessment will be based on existing literature and new calculations.
We will assess the direct and indirect costs for Finland caused by climate change in the short and long term. For this, we will use partial risk and costs assessment, and updated economic assessment and modelling methods.
We will also describe the economic impacts of severe weather phenomena that have taken place in Finland during the last decades. In this context, we will explain the meanings of the key concepts and terms as well as the challenges related to the measuring of damages and impacts and uncertainties.
The project consists of four phases:
First, we will make an inventory of observed and estimated costs caused by extreme weather events and determine the impact chains and approximate risk levels of damages. We will also define the cost estimation methods to be used in the project.
We will build sector-specific risk profiles separately for different scenarios.
We will calculate the direct and indirect costs of climate change for different sectors but also for the national and to some extend for the regional level.
Finally, we will look at the innovation potential of climate change adaptation and preparedness.
The results of the KUITTI project will help to better understand the most significant economic risks posed by climate change and to appraise the most effective measures to reduce these risks. The information generated by the project can be used in the strategic planning for adaptation to climate change, especially in prioritizing and timing cost-effective adaptation and preparedness policies.
Partners: Finnish Meteorological Institute (coordinator), Finnish Environment Institute, Natural Resources Institute Finland, University of Helsinki – Ruralia Institute, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT
CASCADES – Cascading Climate risks: towards adaptive and resilient European societies (EU)
CLIMATE-ADAPT – European (EEA) information sharing platform for adaptation research and implementation
COACCH – Co-designing the Assessment of Climate Change Costs (EU H2020)
DECENT – Towards deliberative climate and energy foresight (Academy of Finland)
ETC/CCA - European Topic Centre on Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation
HEATCLIM – Heat and health in the changing climate (Academy of Finland CLIHE)
Ilmastopolitiikan tulonjakovaikutukset (VN TEAS) (in Finnish)
LODE – Loss Data Enhancement for DRR & CCA management (EU DG ECHO)
LOSSI – Southwest Finland prepares for increasing droughts (Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment – Southwest Finland)
NordicLink – Securing Nordic linear infrastructure networks against climate induced natural hazards (NordForsk)
Oasis Hub – provides free & commercially licensable catastrophe & environmental risk datasets sourced from over 165 environmental data providers around the world
ORSI – Towards eco-welfare state (Academy of Finland The Strategic Research Council (SRC))
PLACARD – Platform for climate adaptation and risk reduction (EU H2020)
SILVA – Sää- ja ilmastovaikutustietokanta kehittäminen (National Emergency Supply Agency)
SIM4NEXUS – Sustainable integrated management for the nexus of water-land-food-energy-climate for a resource-efficient Europe (EU H2020)
SUOMI – Climate change adaptation: regional aspects and policy instruments) (Ministry of the Environment)