Recently ended projects of the Weather and Climate Change Impact Research

Finalized in 2018

CLIPS (CLImate services supporting Public activities and Safety CLIPS, 2016-2018) aims at setting up the proof of concept for extended range (0-46 day long) seamless weather and climate services by developing novel climate impact outlooks (e.g. early warnings)  for phenomena that pose risks and benefits to weather sensitive public activities in Finland. CLIPS focuses as much on urban, rural as sea areas in Finland. The data used in CLIPS are FMI gridded climate data, the PRONTO data (impacts reported by safety authorities to FMI), and reanalysis data and forecasts provided by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Additionally, CLIPS will engage the public during the project through FMI webpages and Climateguide.fi to take part in the co-creation process of the services. Funding: Academy of Finland. Contact: Hilppa Gregow.

COST PROFOUND (2014-2018). The main objective of the Action is to evaluate and improve our ability to project the consequences of environmental change for European forests by addressing questions regarding data needs, scaling, parameterization, and predictive accuracy of forest models. Funding: EU. Contact: Ari Venäläinen.

ERMOND (Ecosystem resilience for mitigation of natural disasters) (2015-2017). The aims of the project are to (a) compile an overview of natural disasters in the Nordic region and how ecological restoration actions can be used to mitigate such hazards (b) conduct regional feasibility case studies of strategic build up of ecosystem resilience which will be ongoing throughout the project time and (c) recommend actions to enhance build up of ecosystem resilience in the Nordic region. . In the slipstream of this project IKE has initiated cooperation with LähiTapiola to create a high resolution (GIS) national natural hazard damage database. Funding: The Nordic Council of Ministers. Contact: Karoliina Pilli-Sihvola.

EU-C3S Clim4Energy  (A service providing climate change indicators tailored for the energy sector, 2016-2018). The project brings together the complementary expertise of 7 climate research and service centres and 10 energy practitioners to demonstrate, from case studies, the value chain from ECVs to actionable information in the energy sector. It will deliver 9 energy-relevant pan-European indicators of climate trends and variability with a cross-sectoral consistency, appropriate documentation and guidance, estimation of uncertainties, and a demonstration of use. It will contribute to other Copernicus services by sharing experience and tools on quality control, data access with distributed systems, visualization of complex multi-dimensional data and their uncertainties. Why climate matters for energy – read more here http://clim4energy.climate.copernicus.eu/discovery-space. Funding: EU/ECMWF. Contact: Andrea Vajda.

EU-C3S Data Evaluation for Climate Models (2016-2018). Activities in this project will address multi-model climate model products CMIP and CORDEX. Scientific robustness regarding climate model ensembles is in the heart of the project. Wide variety of current and potential new users of the multi-model climate data are surveyed and champion-users are invited to participate with tool development. With the support of users during we will be able to co-design the best recommendations for multi-model climate model products for the EQC framework. Funding: EU/ECMWF. Contact: Hilppa Gregow.

EU-MACS (EU MArket for Climate Services, 2016-2018). The project analyses the market structures and drivers, and obstacles and opportunities of climate services. Climate services cover the generation, provision, and contextualization of information and knowledge derived from climate research for decision-making. The analysis aims at understanding how climate service markets, with public and private features, can develop through better matching procedures and through innovations. This is approached from scientific, technical, legal, ethical, governance and socioeconomic vantage points. The study will engage a large diversity of stakeholders within the finance, tourism and urban planning sectors in various ways, especially through explorative market development exercises, employing different co-design approaches. Funding: EU H2020. Contact: Adriaan Perrels.

EXWE/SAFIR2018 (2015-2018). The primary objective of the research was to support the overall safety of nuclear power plants by enhancing scientific understanding of the environmental conditions of the plant's location and predicting how they can change. The project primarily focused on extreme weather and sea level events that affect the design principles of the power plants and might pose external threats to the plants. In addition, the project aimed to improve the estimates of potential solar storm effects and to provide a modern platform for atmospheric dispersion modelling of accidental releases.  A successor of EXWE is PREDICT (2019-2022). Contact: Kirsti Jylhä.

IHKU (The Air Pollution Cost Model for Finland, 2017-2018). The main goal of the IHKU project is to develop a national air pollution cost model for Finland to be used in strategic decision support. The model focuses on mortality, morbidity and health care costs related to air pollution. Other costs, such as ecosystem degradation and loss in the quality of life, are modeled on the basis of a meta-analysis of results from international research. These costs will be compared to the estimated health cost of air pollution. The project also includes a review of different approaches for pollution cost assessment and summarize them for decision-makers in accessible language. Partners: Finnish Environment Institute SYKE (coordinator), National Institute for Health and Welfare THL, and the FMI. Funding: Government's Analysis, Assessment and Research Activities. Contact: Väinö Nurmi.

MARCO (MArket Research for Climate services Observatory, 2016-2018). This sister project of EU-MACS gathers market research firms, climate scientists, CS practitioners and innovation actors, in dialogue with stakeholders, to provide an enriched European CS market assessment up to 2030 with case studies, forecast future user needs, unveil opportunities, and promote market growth. Feedback loops between several methodologies validate findings. Integrated market research draws on climate vulnerability analysis, potential market estimation, transactional market quantification, qualitative surveys, sectoral / regional case studies. Key output is the Climate Services Observatory. Funding: EU H2020 Contact: Adriaan Perrels.

PLUMES (Pathways for linking uncertainties in climate model projections and effects) (2014-2018). The consortium project of SYKE, LUKE and FMI aimed to improve the treatment of key uncertainties in climate change impact, adaptation and vulnerability analysis. In the project, FMI compiled and evaluated RCP-based climate model projections for Finland, constructed daily gridded datasets of a number of climatic variables, assessed climate change impacts on human health, provided guidance to end-users and exported up-to-date information to Climateguide.fi. Funding: Academy of Finland. Contact: Kirsti Jylhä.

SIETO (2017-2018) is a targeted assessment and development project. It will 1) prepare a national weather and climate vulnerability and change assessment based on literature and expert workshop output; 2) prepare a plan how vulnerability and risk assessments should be conducted in the future to support the Climate Act and other national and international policy needs; and 3) prepare a plan how to develop the production and collection of information and data for future vulnerability and risk assessments. Funding: Government's analysis, assessment and research activities. Contact: Heikki Tuomenvirta.

SSWSS (Severe Weather Warning Services for Sri Lanka, 2016-2018). The project will develop tailored thunderstorm and heavy rainfall warning and prediction applications for Sri Lanka and verify them based on lightning location observations. Also, the Finnish industry partners in the project (Vaisala, Profium and Noviaria) will develop 1) tailored smart phone applications to be tested among the selected end users in Sri Lanka and 2) business models which would be usable in other developing economies as well. Funding: Tekes-BEAM (50% Tekes, 50% Ministry of Foreign Affairs). Contact: Antti Mäkelä.

TWASE (Towards better tailored weather and marine forecasts in the Arctic to serve sustainable economic activities and infrastructure, 2015-2018). The objectives of TWASE are to a) Identify, classify, prioritise and conceptualise the user needs of WMS for developing sustainable economic activities in the Arctic, b) improve the predictability of Arctic weather, marine and sea ice conditions and their consequences on navigation, aviation, and wind energy production, and c) evaluate and optimize, together with the end-users, the benefits of the improved WMS to enhance the development of sustainable economy and infrastructure in the Arctic. The Climate Service Centre is responsible for the objective c). Funding: Academy of Finland. Contact: Adriaan Perrels (Project leader: Timo Vihma).

Previous projects

ACCLIM (2006-2010) The changing climate in Finland: estimates for adaptation studies. The main outcomes of the ACCLIM project included; (i) return periods of extreme weather events based on observations at twelve weather stations, (ii) climate scenarios and probabilistic estimates of changes in climate over Finland based on an analysis of global and regional climate model simulations, (iii) guidance in the use of climate information in climate change impacts and adaptation research. Funded by: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Contact: Kirsti Jylhä

ADAPT (2012-2016). Joint research project between the  Finnish Meteorological Institute and the  University of Eastern Finland  for understanding the potential impact of climate change on forest growth and management. Weather and climate analyses focused on the combined effect of storms, unfrozen soil conditions, snow loads and sensitivity to forest fires. Funding: Academy of Finland. Contact: Ari Venäläinen.

CAREPOL The study investigated the use of climate change research information and climate change scenario data in policy making, and the communication between researchers and policy makers. Contact: Heikki Tuomenvirta

CORE-CLIMAX (2013-2015). Project focused on assuring the quality of the essential climate variables measured by satellites and determining their utilization rate. This information is critical for numerical weather prediction models; both in data assimilation, and in creating re-analyses. Global re-analyses were compared to local re-analyses. The potential for utilizing the information mentioned above were mapped by user surveys. Deliverable D552, Reanalysis and user needs with respect to Climate Change Services. Funding: EU FP7.

CCCRP (2009-2011) Climateguide.fi, Climate change information dissemination portal. Contact: Juha A. Karhu

CONBIO (2016). The objective of CONBIO was (1) to assess the potential of continuous cover forestry to integrate wood production, climate change mitigation and biodiversity protection, and (2) to analyse the effectiveness, speed, and path dependence of relevant cognitive-behavioral policy instruments for nudging the forest owners' choices with respect to mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The  FMI provided information on the occurrence of drought and windthrow in the future under different climate scenarios and analyse their role in modelling continuous cover forestry. Funding: HENVI. Contact: Antti Mäkelä

DECADE (2011-2015) Decadal climate prediction in adaptation to climate change. One of the objectives was to provide evidence of the decadal climate variability and predictability in the Nordic Region with the aim to assess the impact on forest growth, and energy production and demand. This project built on the expertise of three parties: the Finnish Meteorological Institute, the  Department of Forest Sciences from the University of Helsinki, and the School of Economics at Aalto University. Funding: Academy of Finland.

EAKR-ILKKA (2012-2014) The objective of FMI was to map how the strength of the urban heat island effect depends on the weather type. The goal of the project was also to add information of the city-specific extreme weather events and climate change impacts. The research was carried out in cooperation with the University of Turku and city of Turku. The results were also be presented in the Climateguide.fi web portal.

ELASTINEN (2015-2016) project provided information and sought solutions for strengthening the capabilities of different sectors to assess and manage risks related to weather, climate, and economic impacts. The project also aimed to decrease the vulnerability of Finnish society and increase its adaptive capacity to changing climate. Funding: Government's analysis, assessment and research activities. Contact: Hilppa Gregow.

ENSURE The study assessed the costs and benefits of ecosystem services in cities, with special reference to effects of climate and climate change.

FP7 CRISMA project developed an integrated planning and decision support tool set for crises response to potentially disastrous weather events with immediate, extensive, and lasting consequences for population and society. The project included five elaborate pilots, which function as testing ground for the models and concepts (further) developed in CRISMA. Two of these pilots concerned severe Nordic winter storms and Western-European coastal flooding respectively, thereby representing extreme weather events which are typically expected to occur more frequently in many parts of Europe as a result of climate change. FMI (departments 'Weather & Safety' and 'Climate change research') contributed to CRISMA with respect to (1) extreme weather scenarios, (2) crisis management pilot in Nordic area, and (3) economic impact assessment of natural hazards.

FP7 EWENT The objective of the project was to assess the impacts and consequences of extreme weather events on EU transport system. The project also aimed to monetise considered impacts. EWENT also evaluated the efficiency, applicability and finance needs for adaptation and mitigation measures which will dampen and reduce the costs of weather impacts. The methodological approach was based on generic risk management framework that follows a standardised process from identification of hazardous phenomena (extreme weather), followed by impact assessment and closed by mitigation and risk control measures. Funded by: EU. Contact: Heikki Tuomenvirta

FP7 MOWE-IT project assessed factors that prerequisite cross-modal transferability between the air and surface-based European transport systems in order to protect the passengers, shippers, European institutions and citizens against travel delays, cancellations and/or stoppages in freight transfer caused by extreme weather and/or other natural disasters. The project assessed how the companies in passenger and freight transport comply with the European users rights protection legislation shielding theses parties against travel delays, cancellations and/or disruptions, and in case of gaps in conformity, propose new guidelines for cross-modal alignment of decision-making, capacity planning and reserve-building models at transport service and infrastructure providers in addition to incentive structures and policy instruments for more effective legislation enforcement. Such an assessment also drew from the possibilities to use weather and other information technologies to aid the transport system and operators.

EXWE/SAFIR2014 (2011-2014). The focus was on the evaluation of climate events that are not observed but are possible in theory, together with studying future climate and climate model results through statistical and dynamical methods. The overall objective of the research was to produce a comprehensive study about the frequency, intensity, spatial and temporal variation and the impacts of the extreme weather and sea level events that are relevant from the point of safety of nuclear power plants, as well as clarify the influence of climate change on these. Contact: Kirsti Jylhä

FRAME Future envelope assemblies and HVAC solutions. One aim was to produce Up-to-date weather data for building energy calculations representing typical weather conditions in Finland in the current climate and in the anticipated future climate.

FUME (2009-2013) Project aimed at evaluating how climate variability and change, and societal changes in the last decades have affected forest fires in Europe. Funded by: EU FP7.

ILMAPUSKURI (2013-2016). Project studied how climate change adaptation measures in agriculture could improve production systems and methods at both the regional and national level. This project generated important knowledge on how the vulnerability of agriculture could be reduced and how the buffering ability and resilience could be improved with regard to climate change, climate variability, and changes in the occurrence and strength of extreme weather events. The project was carried out in cooperation with MTT Agrifood Research Finland. Funding: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Contact: Kimmo Ruosteenoja.

IRTORISKI The study investigated how the use of cost benefit analysis in climate change adaptation planning can be streamlined such as to be useful both for initial prioritisation of natural hazards according to their risk and for initial comparison of measures regarding a particular hazard, while avoiding complex model exercises.

MERMAID (Identifying Risks and Opportunities for Marine Transport and Tourism in the Arctic) (2014-2016). Socio-economic scenario-based assessment for the Eurasian Arctic. The project assessed the drivers of change in the Eurasian Arctic and the role of Russia, and assessed and defined measures to reduce risks and harness benefits in the Arctic from the Finnish perspective. The project supported the implementation of the Arctic Strategy of Finland and preparations for the Finland's chairmanship of the Arctic Council 2016. Funding Agency: Prime Minister's Office. Contact: Adriaan Perrels

MERSU (until 30.4.2017) evaluated the impacts of environmental regulation on Finnish business sector. The project considered especially the maritime cluster, winter navigation, logistics and cleantech. The assessments were based on set of actor interviews within maritime cluster and ship traffic emission modeling and macroeconomic modeling. Funding: Government's analysis, assessment and research activities. Contact: Riina Haavisto

NONAM (NOrdic Network for Adaptive Management) is a Nordic network for promoting co-operation and knowledge exchange among Nordic climate change and adaptation researchers with a particular focus on risk management and decision support with respect to adaptation policy development and related investments, notably regarding infrastructures of various kinds (energy, transport, water & sanitation, communication) and  the overarching planning and management systems that create the context in which these systems are designed and operated. The network's activities culminated in the organisation (together with a fellow network NORDCLAD-Net) of a large Adaptation Conference in Helsinki 29-31 August 2012. More information, presentation material, etc. of the conference can be found on the conference website.

PERU-AQUAFUTURA (2012-2016) The main research problem of the project was how to develop decision support systems taking into account the societal context of a rapidly growing and developing community to manage the risks related to climate variability and change of the Peruvian water resources sustainably. Understanding climatic variability and anticipation of climate changes in selected regions are essential for the long-term socio-economic plans and policies. Variability and changes of regional climate can influence environmental conditions in many aspects. The project had two complementary approaches. Firstly, the most up-to-date tools in earth system science were used to analyse hydro-climatic variability in Peru and surrounding regions for producing climate change scenarios. Secondly, the use of hydro-climatic information in the planning process and risk management at water resources, agriculture and urban planning was evaluated and an operable agenda for decision making support system and climate-related risk management were developed. Funding: Academy of Finland. Contact: Adriaan Perrels.

POSIVA 2013 Climate projections in the scale of 300 to 100.000 years to be used in design of the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. The study utilized both paleoclimatological records and climate model simulations.

RAIN (Risk Analysis of Infrastructure Networks in Response to Extreme Weather, 2013-2016). Project contributed to minimising the impact of extreme weather events on transport, energy and telecommunication networks. The project developed early warning systems, decision support tools and engineering solutions to ensure rapid reinstatement of the network. The FMI contributed to the identification of extreme weather events, assessment of predictability and the probability of extreme weather hazards in the present and the projected future climate. Funding: EU FP7. Contact: Andrea Vajda.

RECAST The main objective of the study was to assess the impacts of climate change induced uncertainty and growth of weather variability on the social and economic coping range of selected infrastructure and real estate, with the aim to generate insights, methods and procedures that enable better adaptation to climate change.

SAFE-MET (2011-2014) The overall aims of the project were to examine, propose and test ways to strengthen societies' resilience to climate and weather-related hazards and to enhance the multi-disciplinary climate change research in Zambia and Malawi. To reach these aims, the project had two inter-linked themes. First one was to improve Malawi's and Zambia's preparedness for natural disasters by evaluating and improving the current meteorological network and early warning systems. Early warning systems were assessed both from operational and financial viewpoint. A well-functioning meteorological observation network and early warning system were linked to the second theme with the focus on adaptation to climate change and disaster risk management. The second theme studied climate change adaptation in agriculture and aid supply chains, and analyzed the linkages between disaster risk management and climate change adaptation. In addition to Finnish Meteorological Institute, the responsible parties were the Hanken School of Economics and the University of Tampere. Funded by: Academy of Finland.

SETUKLIM The project created scenarios for future climate in Finland by using CMIP5 climate model projections. In addition, it estimated the frequency distribution of low and high temperatures in the future; developed methods and estimated variability in the water level at the Finnish coast and probabilities of extreme situations in the future;  collected and produced estimates on e.g. changes in short-lived downpours and heavy snowfall in the future.

FP7 ToPDAd project developed state-of-the-art socioeconomic methods and tools for an integrated assessment supporting regional adaptation decision-making. Based on these, conjectures with respect to EU level policies for the considered sectors Energy, Transport, as well as, Tourism were made. Two time frames were specified; 2010-2050 and 2050-2100 for mid-term and long-term strategy formulations. Regional strategies and EU-level policies need to be consistent across the time frames in order to avoid maladaptation. ToPDAd also co-operated with and contributed to the European Climate Adaptation Platform (DCLIMATE-ADAPT).

TULUVAT (in Finnish only) The project tested and selected games, models and other IT material for education on climate change in high schools in Finland and tested IT-technology in research communication to schools (webinars), and established a network of teachers interested in teaching climate change topics. Contact: Heikki Tuomenvirta

VACCIA (2009-2011) Vulnerability Assessment of ecosystem services for Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation. Funded by: EU LIFE+.

ViVoTiVi (Climate change – Visuality to Science Communication, 2013-2016). The aim of the project was to enhance the ability to bring research information related to climate change into public debate and decision making. This was done by adding new services including effective data visualization means to the Climateguide.fi website and increasing possibilities for user interaction. Funding: The Finnish Society for Scientific Information (Tieteen tiedotus ry). Contact: Sanna Luhtala.