Peer-reviewed publications


Ding Y., Schiestl-Aalto P., Helmisaari H.S., Makita N., Ryhti K., Kulmala L (2020): Temperature and moisture dependence of daily growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) roots in southern Finland. Tree physiology 40: 272–283.

Fer, I. (2020) Analysis of Vegetation-Water Interactions: Application and Comparison of Maximum-Likelihood Estimation and Bayesian Inference. In: Levia D., Carlyle-Moses D., Iida S., Michalzik B., Nanko K., Tischer A. (eds) Forest-Water Interactions. Ecological Studies (Analysis and Synthesis), vol 240. Springer, Cham.

Hou, M.T., Venäläinen, A.K., Wang, L.P., Pirinen, P., Gao Y., Jin, S.F., Zhu, Y.X., Qin, F.Y., and Hu, Y.H. (2020): Spatio-temporal divergence in the responses of Finland’s boreal forests to climate variables. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 92, 102186,

Jackson, R. B., Saunois, M., Bousquet, P., Canadell, J. G., Poulter, B., Stavert, A. R., Bergamaschi, P., Niwa, Y., Segers, A. and Tsuruta, A. (2020): Increasing anthropogenic methane emissions arise equally from agricultural and fossil fuel sources, Environ. Res. Lett., 15(7), 071002, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab9ed2.

Janardanan, R., Maksyutov, S., Tsuruta, A., Wang, F., Tiwari, Y. K., Valsala, V., Ito, A., Yoshida, Y., Kaiser, J. W., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Arshinov, M., Sasakawa, M., Tohjima, Y., Worthy, D. E. J., Dlugokencky, E. J., Ramonet, M., Arduini, J., Lavric, J. V., Piacentino, S., Krummel, P. B., Langenfelds, R. L., Mammarella, I. and Matsunaga, T. (2020): Country-Scale Analysis of Methane Emissions with a High-Resolution Inverse Model Using GOSAT and Surface Observations, Remote Sensing, 12(3), 375, doi:10.3390/rs12030375.

Mäkelä, J., Minunno, F., Aalto, T., Mäkelä, A., Markkanen, T., and Peltoniemi, M. (2020): Sensitivity of 21st century simulated ecosystem indicators to model parameters, prescribed climate drivers, RCP scenarios and forest management actions for two Finnish boreal forest sites, Biogeosciences, 17, 2681–2700,

Saunois, M., Stavert, A. R., Poulter, B., Bousquet, P., Canadell, J. G., Jackson, R. B., Raymond, P. A., Dlugokencky, E. J., Houweling, S., Patra, P. K., Ciais, P., Arora, V. K., Bastviken, D., Bergamaschi, P., Blake, D. R., Brailsford, G., Bruhwiler, L., Carlson, K. M., Carrol, M., Castaldi, S., Chandra, N., Crevoisier, C., Crill, P. M., Covey, K., Curry, C. L., Etiope, G., Frankenberg, C., Gedney, N., Hegglin, M. I., Höglund-Isaksson, L., Hugelius, G., Ishizawa, M., Ito, A., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Jensen, K. M., Joos, F., Kleinen, T., Krummel, P.B., Langenfelds, R. L., Laruelle, G. G., Liu, L., Machida, T., Maksyutov, S., McDonald, K. C., McNorton, J., Miller, P. A., Melton, J. R., Morino, I., Müller, J., Murguia-Flores, F., Naik, V., Niwa, Y., Noce, S., O’Doherty, S., Parker, R. J., Peng, C., Peng, S., Peters, G. P., Prigent, C., Prinn, R., Ramonet, M., Regnier, P., Riley, W. J., Rosentreter, J. A., Segers, A., Simpson, I. J., Shi, H., Smith, S. J., Steele, L. P., Thornton, B. F., Tian, H., Tohjima, Y., Tubiello, F. N., Tsuruta, A., Viovy, N., Voulgarakis, A., Weber, T. S., Weele, M. van, Werf, G. R. van der, Weiss, R. F., Worthy, D., Wunch, D., Yin, Y., Yoshida, Y., Zhang, W., Zhang, Z., Zhao, Y., Zheng, B., Zhu, Q., Zhu, Q. and Zhuang, Q. (2020): The Global Methane Budget 2000–2017, Earth System Science Data, 12(3), 1561–1623, doi:

Vira, J., Hess, P., Melkonian, J., and Wieder, W. R. (2020): An improved mechanistic model for ammonia volatilization in Earth system models: Flow of Agricultural Nitrogen version 2 (FANv2), Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 4459–4490,

Zhu X., Zhu T., Pumpanen, J., Palviainen M., Zhou X., Kulmala L., Bruckman V.J., Köster E., Köster K., Aaltonen H., Makita N., Wang Y., Berninger F. (2020): Short-term effects of biochar on soil CO2 efflux in boreal Scots pine forests. Annals of Forest Science 77, 59.


Adamczyk, B., Sietiö, O.-M., Straková, P., Prommer, J., Wild, N., Hagner, M., Pihlatie, M., Fritze, H., Richter, A. and Heinonsalo, J. (2019) Plant roots increase both decomposition and stable organic matter formation in boreal forest soil. Nature Communications, vol. 10: 3982,

Adamczyk, B., Sietiö, O.-M., Biasi, C. and Heinonsalo, J. (2019) Interaction between tannins and fungal necromass stabilizes fungal residues in boreal forest soils. New Phytologist 223: 16–21,

Ruosteenoja, K., Markkanen, T., and Räisänen, J. (2019): Thermal seasons in northern Europe in projected future climate. Int J Climatol 33:1673–1686.

Sietiö, O.-M., Santalahti, M., Putkinen, A., Adamczyk, S., Sun, H., and Heinonsalo, J. (2019). Restriction of plant roots in boreal forest organic soils affects the microbial community but does not change the dominance from ectomycorrhizal to saprotrophic fungi. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Vol. 95 (9), fiz133,

Mali, T., Mäki, M., Hellén, H., Heinonsalo, J., Bäck, J., and Lundell, T. (2019). Decomposition of spruce wood and release of volatile organic compounds depend on decay type, fungal interactions and enzyme production patterns. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 95(9).

Kivimäki, E., Lindqvist, H., Hakkarainen, J., Laine, M., Sussmann, R., Tsuruta, A., Detmers, R., Deutscher, N. M., Dlugokencky, E. J., Hase, F., Hasekamp, O., Kivi, R., Morino, I., Notholt, J., Pollard, D. F., Roehl, C., Schneider, M., Sha, M. K., Velazco, V. A., Warneke, T., Wunch, D., Yoshida, Y. and Tamminen, J.: Evaluation and Analysis of the Seasonal Cycle and Variability of the Trend from GOSAT Methane Retrievals, Remote Sensing, 11(7), 882,2019. doi:10.3390/rs11070882

Karhu K, Hilasvuori E, Järvenpää M, Arppe L, Christensen B, T, Fritze H, Kulmala L, Oinonen M, Pitkänen J, M, Vanhala P, Heinonsalo J, Liski J, (2019) Similar temperature sensitivity of soil mineral-associated organic carbon regardless of age. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 136, 107527.

Ťupek B, Launiainen S, Peltoniemi M, Sievänen R, Perttunen J, Kulmala L, Penttilä T, Lindroos A, Hashimoto S, Lehtonen A. (2019) Evaluating CENTURY and Yasso soil carbon models for CO2 emissions and organic carbon stocks of boreal forest soil with Bayesian multi‐model inference. Eur J Soil Sci 70: 47-858.

Viskari, T., Shiklomanov, A.N., Dietze, M.C., and Serbin, P.S.: The impact of canopy radiation transfer parameter uncertainty on modeled forest properties, carbon and energy cycling. PLoS ONE, 14(7): e0216512., 2019.

Peltola, O., Vesala, T., Gao, Y., Räty, O., Alekseychik, P., Aurela, M., Chojnicki, B., Desai, A. R., Dolman, A. J., Euskirchen, E. S., Friborg, T., Göckede, M., Helbig, M., Humphreys, E., Jackson, R. B., Jocher, G., Joos, F., Klatt, J., Knox, S. H., Kutzbach, L., Lienert, S., Lohila, A., Mammarella, I., Nadeau, D. F., Nilsson, M. B., Oechel, W. C., Peichl, M., Pypker, T., Quinton, W., Rinne, J., Sachs, T., Samson, M., Schmid, H. P., Sonnentag, O., Wille, C., Zona, D., and Aalto, T.: Monthly Gridded Data Product of Northern Wetland Methane Emissions Based on Upscaling Eddy Covariance Observations, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 11, 1263–1289,

Mäkelä, J., Knauer, J., Aurela, M., Black, A., Heimann, M., Kobayashi, H., Lohila, A., Mammarella, I., Margolis, H., Markkanen, T., Susiluoto, J., Thum, T., Viskari, T., Zaehle, S., and Aalto, T.: Land surface model photosynthesis and parameter calibration for boreal sites with adaptive population importance sampler, Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 4075–4098,

Mäki, M., Aaltonen, H., Heinonsalo, J., Hellén, H., Pumpanen, J. and Bäck, J (2019). Boreal forest soil is a significant and diverse source of volatile organic compounds. Plant and Soil. 441 (1-2): 89-110.

Tsuruta, A., T. Aalto, L. Backman, M. C. Krol, W. Peters, S. Lienert, F. Joos, P. A. Miller W. Zhang, T. Laurila, J. Hatakka, A. Leskinen, K. Lehtinen, O. Peltola, T. Vesala, J. Levula, E. Dlugokencky, M. Heimann, L. Kozlova, M. Aurela, A. Lohila, M. Kauhaniemi, and A. J. Gomez-Pelaez. Methane budget estimates in Finland from the CarbonTracker Europe-CH4 data assimilation system, Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology 71, 1445379, 2019, DOI: 10.1080/16000889.2018.1565030,

Manninen T., T. Aalto, T. Markkanen, M. Peltoniemi, K. Böttcher, S. Metsämäki, K. Anttila, P. Pirinen, A. Nadir Arslan. Monitoring changes in forestry and seasonal snow using surface albedo during 1982‒2016 as an indicator. Biogeosciences, 16, 223–240, 2019,

Holmberg M, Aalto T, Akujärvi A, Arslan A, Bergström I, Böttcher K, Lahtinen I, Mäkelä A, Markkanen T, Minunno F, Peltoniemi M, Rankinen K, Vihervaara P, Forsius M. Ecosystem services related to carbon cycling - modelling present and future impacts in boreal forests. Frontiers in Plant Science 10:343, 2019,

Schiestl-Aalto P, Ryhti K, Mäkelä A, Peltoniemi M, Bäck B, Kulmala L (2019) Analysis of the NSC storage dynamics in tree organs reveals the allocation to belowground symbionts in the framework of whole tree carbon balance. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 2:17,

Kulmala L, Pumpanen J, Kolari P, Dengel S, Berninger F, Köster K, Matkala L, Vanhatalo A, Vesala T, Bäck J (2019) Inter- and intra-annual dynamics of photosynthesis differ between forest floor vegetation and tree canopy in a subarctic Scots pine stand, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 271: 1-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2019.02.029.

Wang, F., Maksyutov, S., Tsuruta, A., Janardanan, R., Ito, A., Sasakawa, M., Machida, T., Morino, I., Yoshida, Y., Kaiser, J. W., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Dlugokencky, E. J., Mammarella, I., Lavric, J. V. and Matsunaga, T. (2019): Methane Emission Estimates by the Global High-Resolution Inverse Model Using National Inventories, Remote Sensing, 11(21), 2489, doi:10.3390/rs11212489.

Zhou, X., Sun, H., Pumpanen, J., Sietiö, O-M., Heinonsalo, J., Köster, K., and Berninger, F. (2019). The impact of wildfire on microbial C:N:P stoichiometry and the fungal-to-bacterial ratio in permafrost soil. Biogeochemistry, 142(1), 1-17.


Bergamaschi, P., Karstens, U., Manning, A. J., Saunois, M., Tsuruta, A., Berchet, A., Vermeulen, A. T., Arnold, T., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Hammer, S., Levin, I., Schmidt, M., Ramonet, M., Lopez, M., Lavric, J., Aalto, T., Chen, H., Feist, D. G., Gerbig, C., Haszpra, L., Hermansen, O., Manca, G., Moncrieff, J., Meinhardt, F., Necki, J., Galkowski, M., O'Doherty, S., Paramonova, N., Scheeren, H. A., Steinbacher, M., and Dlugokencky, E.: Inverse modelling of European CH4 emissions during 2006–2012 using different inverse models and reassessed atmospheric observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 901-920,, 2018

Susiluoto, J., Raivonen, M., Backman, L., Laine, M., Mäkelä, J., Peltola, O., Vesala, T., and Aalto, T.: Calibrating a wetland methane emission model with hierarchical modeling and adaptive MCMC, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 1199–1228, 2018

A. Tsuruta, T. Aalto, L. Backman, M. C. Krol, W. Peters, S. Lienert, F. Joos, P. A. Miller W. Zhang, T. Laurila, J. Hatakka, A. Leskinen, K. Lehtinen, O. Peltola, T. Vesala, J. Levula, E. Dlugokencky, M. Heimann, L. Kozlova, M. Aurela, A. Lohila, M. Kauhaniemi, and A. J. Gomez-Pelaez. Methane budget estimates in Finland from the CarbonTracker Europe-CH₄ data assimilation system, Tellus B (in press)

Zhou, X., Sun, H., Pumpanen, J., Sietiö, O-M., Heinonsalo, J., Köster, K. & Berninger, F., The impact of wildfire on microbial C:N:P stoichiometry and the fungal-to-bacterial ratio in permafrost soil 2018, Biogeochemistry (in press)

Santalahti, M., Sun, H., Sietiö, O-M., Köster, K., Berninger, F., Laurila, T., Pumpanen, J. & Heinonsalo, J., Dec 2018, Reindeer grazing alter soil fungal community structure and litter decomposition related enzyme activities in boreal coniferous forests in Finnish Lapland. Applied Soil Ecology, Vol 132 (2018), pp 74-82,

Könönen, M., Jauhiainen, J., Straková, P., Heinonsalo, J., Laiho, R., Kusin, K., Limin, S. & Vasander, H., 29 May 2018, Deforested and drained tropical peatland sites show poorer peat substrate quality and lower microbial biomass and activity than unmanaged swamp forest (2018) Soil Biology & Biochemistry 123: 229?241. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.04.028

Palviainen, M., Berninger, F., Bruckman, V. J., Köster, K., de Assumpcao, C. R. M., Aaltonen, H., Makita, N., Mishra, A., Kulmala, L., Adamczyk, B., Zhou, X., Heinonsalo, J., Köster, E. & Pumpanen, J.,  Effects of biochar on carbon and nitrogen fluxes in boreal forest soil. (2018)  Plant and Soil. 425, 1-2, pp. 71-85.

Köster, K., Köster, E., Berninger, F., Heinonsalo, J. & Pumpanen, J., Contrasting effects of reindeer grazing on CO2, CH4, and N2O fluxes originating from the northern boreal forest floor. (2018) Land Degradation & Development 29:374-381. DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2868


Lauer, A., Jones, C., Eyring, V., Evaldsson, M., Hagemann, S., Mäkelä, J., Martin, G., Roehrig, R., Wang, S.: Process-level improvements in CMIP5 models and their impact on tropical variability, Southern Ocean and monsoon, Earth Syst. Dynam., in print.

Raivonen, M., Smolander, S., Backman, L., Susiluoto, J., Aalto, T., Markkanen, T., Mäkelä, J., Rinne, J., Peltola, O., Aurela, M., Tomasic, M., Li, X., Larmola, T., Juutinen, S., Tuittila, E.-S., Heimann, M., Sevanto, S., Kleinen, T., Brovkin, V., and Vesala, T.: HIMMELI v1.0: HelsinkI Model of MEthane buiLd-up and emIssion for peatlands, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 4665-4691, 2017,

Pulliainen, J., Aurela, M., Laurila, T., Aalto, T., Takala, M., Salminen, M., Kulmala, M., Barr, A., Heimann, M., Lindroth, A., Laaksonen, A., Derksen, C., Mäkelä, A., Markkanen, T., Lemmetyinen, J., Susiluoto, J., Dengel, S., Mammarella, I., Tuovinen, J.-P., Vesala, T. Early snowmelt significantly enhances boreal springtime carbon uptake. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 114 no. 42, 11081–11086, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1707889114, 2017.

Y. Gao, T. Markkanen, M. Aurela, I. Mammarella, T. Thum, A. Tsuruta, H. Yang, and T. Aalto. Response of water use efficiency to summer drought in boreal Scots pine forests in Finland. Biogeosciences, 14, 4409-4422, 2017.

RE. Fisher, JL. France, D. Lowry, M. Lanoisellé, R. Brownlow, J. A. Pyle, M. Cain, N. Warwick, UM. Skiba, J. Drewer, K.J. Dinsmore, SR. Leeson, S J.-B. Bauguitte, A. Wellpott, SJ. O'Shea, G. Allen, MW. Gallagher, J. Pitt, CJ. Percival, K. Bower, C. George, GD. Hayman, T. Aalto, A. Lohila, M. Aurela, T. Laurila, P.M. Crill, C.K. McCalley and E.G. Nisbet. Measurement of the 13C isotopic signature of Northern European wetland methane emissions. Global Biogeochem. Cycles,31,605-623, doi:10.1002/2016GB005504, 2017.

van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., van der Velde, I. R., van der Veen, E., Tsuruta, A., Stanislawska, K., Babenhauserheide, A., Zhang, H. F., Liu, Y., He, W., Chen, H., Masarie, K. A., Krol, M. C., and Peters, W.: The CarbonTracker Data Assimilation Shell (CTDAS) v1.0: implementation and global carbon balance 2001–2015, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 2785-2800,, 2017.

R. L. Thompson, M. Sasakawa, T. Machida, T. Aalto, D. Worthy, J. V. Lavric, C. Lund Myhre and A. Stohl. Methane fluxes in the high northern latitudes for 2005 – 2013 estimated using a Bayesian atmospheric inversion. Atmos. Chem. Phys., doi:10.5194/acp-2016-660, 2017.

Tsuruta, A., Aalto, T., Backman, L., Hakkarainen, J., van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., Krol, M. C., Spahni, R., Houweling, S., Laine, M., Dlugokencky, E., Gomez-Pelaez, A. J., van der Schoot, M., Langenfelds, R., Ellul, R., Arduini, J., Apadula, F., Gerbig, C., Feist, D. G., Kivi, R., Yoshida, Y., and Peters, W.: Global methane emission estimates for 2000-2012 from CarbonTracker Europe-CH4 v1.0, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 1261-1289, doi:10.5194/gmd-10-1261-2017, 2017.

Thum, T., Zaehle, S., Köhler, P., Aalto, T., Aurela, M., Guanter, L., Kolari, P., Laurila, T., Lohila, A., Magnani, F., Van Der Tol, C., and Markkanen, T., 2017. Modelling sun-induced fluorescence and photosynthesis with a land surface model at local and regional scales in northern Europe, Biogeosciences, 14, 1969-1987, doi:10.5194/bg-14-1969-2017.

Ruosteenoja, K., Markkanen, T., Venäläinen, A., Räisänen, P. and Peltola, H., 2017. Seasonal soil moisture and drought occurrence in Europe in CMIP5 projections for the 21st century, Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3671-4.

Thum, T., MacBean, N., Peylin, P., Bacour, C., Santaren, D., Longdoz, B., Loustau, D., and Ciais, P., 2017. The potential benefit of using forest biomass data in addition to carbon and water flux measurements to constrain ecosystem model parameters: case studies at two temperate forest sites. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 234, 48-65.


Gao Y., Markkanen T., Thum T., Aurela M., Lohila A., Mammarella I., Hagemann S., Aalto T. Assessing various drought indicators in representing drought in boreal forests in Finland. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 20, 175–191, 2016.

Linkosalmi M., M. Aurela, J.-P. Tuovinen, M. Peltoniemi, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, P. Kolari, T. Aalto, J. Rainne, and T. Laurila. Digital photography for assessing vegetation phenology in two contrasting northern ecosystems. Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 5, 417–426, 2016, doi:10.5194/gi-5-417-2016

Böttcher K., T. Markkanen, T. Thum, T. Aalto, M. Aurela, C. H. Reick, P. Kolari, A. N. Arslan, and Jouni Pulliainen. Evaluating Biosphere Model Estimates of the Start of the Vegetation Active Season in Boreal Forests by Satellite Observations. Remote Sens. 2016, 8(7), 580; doi:10.3390/rs8070580

Mäkelä, J., Susiluoto, J., Markkanen, T., Aurela, M., Järvinen, H., Mammarella, I., Hagemann, S., and Aalto, T., 2016. Constraining ecosystem model with adaptive Metropolis algorithm using boreal forest site eddy covariance measurements, Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 23, 447-465, doi:10.5194/npg-23-447-2016.

Eyring, V., Righi, M., Lauer, A., Evaldsson, M., Wenzel, S., Jones, C., Anav, A., Andrews, O., Cionni, I., Davin, E. L., Deser, C., Ehbrecht, C., Friedlingstein, P., Gleckler, P., Gottschaldt, K.-D., Hagemann, S., Juckes, M., Kindermann, S., Krasting, J., Kunert, D., Levine, R., Loew, A., Mäkelä, J., Martin, G., Mason, E., Phillips, A., S., Read, S., Rio, C., Roehrig, R., Senftleben, D., Sterl, A., van Ulft, L. H., Walton, J., Wang, S., and Williams, K. D., 2016. ESMValTool (v1.0) – a community diagnostic and performance metrics tool for routine evaluation of Earth system models in CMIP, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 1747-1802, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1747-2016.

Lohila A., Aalto T., Tuovinen J-P., Laurila T., Aurela M., Kilkki J., Hatakka J., Penttilä T.P., Vuorenmaa J., Sutinen R., Hänninen P. & Viisanen Y., 2016. Large contribution of boreal upland forest soils to a catchment-scale CH4 balance in a wet year. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL067718.

Thölix, L., Backman, L., Kivi, R. and Karpechko, A., 2016. Variability of water vapour in the Arctic stratosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 4307-4321, doi:10.5194/acp-16-4307-2016.

Walther, S., Voigt, M., Thum, T., Gonsamo, A., Zhang, Y., Koehler, P., Jung, M., Varlagin, A., and Guanter, L., 2016. Satellite chlorophyll fluorescence measurements reveal large-scale decoupling of photosynthesis and greenness dynamics in boreal evergreen forests. Global Change Biology, doi:10.1111/gcb.13200.


Aalto T., Hatakka J., Kouznetsov R. & Stanislawska K. 2015: Background and anthropogenic influences on atmospheric CO2 concentrations measured at Pallas: Comparison of two models for tracing air mass history. Boreal Env. Res. 20: 213–226

Aalto T., Peltoniemi M., Aurela M., Böttcher K., Gao Y., Härkönen S., Härmä P., Kilkki J., Kolari P., Laurila T., Lehtonen A., Manninen T., Markkanen T., Mattila O.-P., Metsämäki S., Muukkonen P., Mäkelä A., Pulliainen J., Susiluoto J., Takala M., Thum T., Ťupek B., Törmä M. & Arslan A.N. 2015: Preface to the special issue on Monitoring and Modelling of Carbon-Balance-, Water- and Snow-Related Phenomena at Northern Latitudes. Boreal Env. Res. 20: 145–150, 2015.

Bergamaschi P., M. Corazza, U. Karstens, M. Athanassiadou, R. Thompson, I. Pison, A.J. Manning, P. Bousquet, A. Segers, A. Vermeulen, G. Janssens-Maenhout, M. Schmidt, M. Ramonet, F. Meinhardt, T. Aalto, L. Haszpra, J. Moncrieff, E. Popa, E.G Nisbet, R.E. Fisher, M. Steinbacher, A. Jordan, S. O'Doherty, S. Piacentino, and E. Dlugokencky. Top-down estimates of European CH4 and N2O emissions based on four different inverse models. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15, 715-736, 2015

Gao Y., Weiher S., Markkanen T., Pietikäinen J.-P., Gregow H., Henttonen H.M., Jacob D. & Laaksonen A. 2015: Implementation of the CORINE land use classification in the regional climate model REMO. Boreal Env. Res. 20: 261–282.

Goll, D. S., Brovkin, V., Liski, J., Raddatz, T., Thum, T., and Todd-Brown, K. E. O., 2015. Strong dependence of CO2 emissions from anthropogenic land cover change on initial land cover and soil carbon parametrization. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 1511–1523, doi:10.1002/2014GB004988.

Kilkki J., Aalto T, Hatakka J, Portin H, Laurila T. Atmospheric CO2 observations at Finnish urban and rural sites. Boreal Env. Res. 20: 227–242, 2015.

Lohila A, Penttilä T., Jortikka S., Aalto T., Anttila P., Asmi E., Aurela M., Hatakka J., Hellén H., Henttonen H., Hänninen P., Kilkki J., Kyllönen K., Laurila T., Lepistö A., Lihavainen H., Makkonen U., Paatero J., Rask M., Sutinen R., Tuovinen J.-P., Vuorenmaa J. & Viisanen Y. Preface to the special issue on integrated research of atmosphere, ecosystems and environment at Pallas. Boreal Env. Res. 20: 431–454, 2015.

Olsson, T., Jakkila, J., Veijalainen, N., Backman, L., Kaurola, J., Vehviläinen, B., 2015. Impacts of climate change on temperature, precipitation and hydrology in Finland – studies using bias corrected Regional Climate Model data. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 3217–3238, doi:10.5194/hess-19-3217-2015.

Peltoniemi M., Markkanen T., Härkönen S., Muukkonen P., Thum T., Aalto T. & Mäkelä A. 2015: Consistent estimates of gross primary production of Finnish forests — comparison of estimates of two process models. Boreal Env. Res. 20: 196–212.

Tsuruta A, Aalto T, Backman L, Peters W, Krol M, van der Laan-Luijkx IT, Hatakka J, Heikkinen P, Dlugokencky EJ, Spahni R, Reshetnikov AI. Evaluating atmospheric methane inversion model results at Pallas, Northern Finland, Boreal Environment Research, 20:506–525, 2015.

Törmä M., Markkanen T., Hatunen S., Härmä P., Mattila O.-P. & Arslan A.N. 2015: Assessment of land-cover data for land-surface modelling in regional climate studies. Boreal Env. Res. 20: 243–260.


Böttcher K., M. Aurela, M. Kervinen, T. Markkanen, O-P. Mattila, P. Kolari, S. Metsämäki, T. Aalto, A. Arslan and J. Pulliainen, 2014. MODIS time-series-derived indicators for the beginning of the growing season in boreal coniferous forest - A comparison with CO2 flux measurements and phenological observations in Finland, Remote Sensing of Environment 140, 625-638.

Gao, Y., Markkanen, T., Backman, L., Henttonen, H. M., Pietikäinen, J.-P., Mäkelä, H. M., and Laaksonen, A., Biogeophysical impacts of peatland forestation on regional climate changes in Finland, Biogeosciences, 11, 7251–7267, 2014. doi:10.5194/bg-11-7251-2014.

Henriksson, S. V., Pietikäinen, J.-P., Hyvärinen, A.-P., Räisänen, P., Kupiainen, K., Tonttila, J., Hooda, R., Lihavainen, H., O'Donnell, D., Backman, L., Klimont, Z., and Laaksonen, A., Spatial distributions and seasonal cycles of aerosol climate effects in India seen in a global climate-aerosol model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 10177–10192, 2014.

Keronen P., Reissell A., Chevallier F., Siivola E., Pohja T., Hiltunen V., Hatakka J., Aalto T., Rivier L., Ciais P., Jordan A., Hari P., Viisanen Y. and Vesala T. Measurements of CO2 mole fraction in the atmospheric surface layer by an affordable instrumentation. Boreal Env. Res. 19 (suppl. B): 35–54, 2014.

Kulmala, M., Lappalainen, H. K., Bäck, J., Laaksonen, A., Nikinmaa, E., Riekkola, M.-L., Vesala, T., Viisanen, Y., Aalto, T., Boy, M., Dal Maso, M., Ehn, M., Hakola, H., Hari, P., Hartonen, K., Hämeri, K., Hölttä, T., Junninen, H., Järvi, L., Kurten, T., Lauri, A., Laurila, T., Lehtipalo, K., Lihavainen, H., Lintunen, A., Mammarella, I., Manninen, H. E., Petäjä, T., Pihlatie, M., Pumpanen, J., Rinne, J., Romakkaniemi, S., Ruuskanen, T., Sipilä, M., Sorvari, S., Vehkamäki, H., Virtanen, A., Worsnop, D. R. & Kerminen, V.-M. 2014: Finnish Centre of Excellence in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Meteorology of Atmospheric Composition and Climate Change: summary and outlook. Boreal Env. Res. 19 (suppl. B): 2–19, 2014.

Kyllönen K., Paatero J., Aalto T., Hakola H. Nationwide survey of airborne mercury in Finland. Boreal Env. Res. 19 (suppl. B): 355–367, 2014.

Meinander, O., Kontu, A., Virkkula, A., Arola, A., Backman, L., Dagsson-Waldhauserová, P., Järvinen, O., Manninen, T., Svensson, J., de Leeuw, G., and Leppäranta, M., Brief communication: Light-absorbing impurities can reduce the density of melting snow, The Cryosphere, 8, 991–995, 2014. doi:10.5194/tc-8-991-2014.

Sepúlveda, E., M. Schneider, F. Hase, S. Barthlott, D. Dubravica, O.E. García, A. Gomez-Pelaez, Y. González, J.C. Guerra, M. Gisi, R. Kohlhepp, S. Dohe, T. Blumenstock, K. Strong, D. Weaver, M. Palm, A. Sadeghi, N. M. Deutscher, T. Warneke, J. Notholt, N. Jones, D. W. T. Griffith, D. Smale, G. W, Brailsford, J. Robinson, F. Meinhardt, M. Steinbacher, T. Aalto and D. Worthy. Tropospheric CH4 signals as observed by NDACC FTIR at globally distributed sites and comparison to GAW surface in-situ measurements. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 2337-2360, 2014.

Thompson, R. L., K. Ishijima, E. Saikawa, M. Corazza, U. Karstens, P. K. Patra, P. Bergamaschi, F. Chevallier, E. Dlugokencky, R. G. Prinn, R. F. Weiss, S. O'Doherty, P. Krummel, L. P. Steele, P. Fraser, A. Vermeulen, Y. Tohjima, A. Jordan, L. Haszpra, M. Steinbacher, S. Van der Laan, T. Aalto, F. Meinhardt, M. E. Popa, J. Moncrieff, and P. Bousquet. TransCom N2O model inter-comparison Part II: Atmospheric inversion estimates of N2O emissions. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 6177 – 6194, 2014. doi:10.5194/acp-14-6177-2014.

Weaver, C., C. Kiemle, S. R. Kawa, T. Aalto, J. Necki, M. Steinbacher, J. Arduini, F. Apadula, H. Berkhout and J. Hatakka, 2014. Retrieval of methane source strengths in Europe using a simple modeling approach to assess the potential of spaceborne lidar observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 2625-2637. doi:10.5194/acp-14-2625-2014.


Karpechko, Yu. A., Backman, L., Thölix, L., Ialongo, I., Andersson, M., Fioletov, V., Heikkilä, A., Johnsen, B., Koskela, T., Kyrölä, E., Lakkala, K., Myhre, C. L., Rex, M., Sofieva, V. F., Tamminen, J., Wohltmann I. (2013), The link between springtime total ozone and summer UV radiation in Northern Hemisphere extratropics, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 8649–8661, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50601.


Rinne J, Markkanen T, Ruuskanen T.M, Petäjä T, Tang M.J, Crowley J.N, Rannik U, Vesala T Effect of chemical degradation on fluxes of reactive compounds - a study with a stochastic Lagrangian transport model, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 12 p. 4843-4854. doi: 10.5194/acp-12-4843-2012, 2012.

Sofieva, V. F., Kalakoski, N., Verronen, P. T., Päivärinta, S.-M., Kyrölä, E., Backman, L., and Tamminen, J.: Polar-night O3, NO2 and NO3 distributions during sudden stratospheric warmings in 2003–2008 as seen by GOMOS/Envisat, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1051-1066, doi:10.5194/acp-12-1051-2012, 2012.

Sriskantharajah, S., R.E. Fisher, D. Lowry, T. Aalto, J. Hatakka, M. Aurela, T. Laurila, A. Lohila, E. Kuitunen, and E.G. Nisbet. Stable Carbon Isotope Signatures of Methane from a Finnish Subarctic Wetland: Seasonality and Source Input to Polar Methane. Tellus B, 64, 18818,, 2012.


Corazza M., Bergamaschi P., Vermeulen A.T., Aalto T., Haszpra L., Meinhardt F., O'Doherty S., Thompson R., Moncrieff J., Popa E., Steinbacher M., Jordan A., Dlugokencky E., Brühl C., Krol M., Dentener F., 2011. Inverse modelling of European N2O emissions: assimilating observations from different networks. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 2381-2398.

Thum T., Räisänen P., Sevanto S., Tuomi M., Reick C., Vesala T., Raddatz T., Aalto T., Järvinen H., Altimir N., Pilegaard K., Zoltan N., Rambal S., Liski J., 2011. Soil carbon model alternatives for ECHAM5/JSBACH climate model: evaluation and impacts on global carbon cycle estimates. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, G02028, doi:10.1029/2010JG001612.

Yver C.E., Pison I.C., Fortems-Cheiney A., Schmidt M., Chevallier F., Ramonet M., Jordan A., Søvde O.A., Engel A., Fisher R.E., Lowry D., Nisbet E.G., Levin I., Hammer S., Necki J., Bartyzel J., Reimann S., Vollmer M.K., Steinbacher M., Aalto T., Maione M., Arduini J., O'Doherty S., Grant A., Sturges W.T., Forster G.L., Lunder C.R., Privalov V., Paramonova N., Werner A., Bousquet P., 2011. A new estimation of the recent tropospheric molecular hydrogen budget using atmospheric observations and variational inversion. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 3375-3392.  


Chevallier F., Ciais P., Conway T.J., Aalto T., Anderson B.E., Bousquet P., Brunke E.G., Ciattaglia L., Esaki Y., Frohlich M., Gomez A., Gomez-Palaez A.J., Haszpra L., Krummel P.B., Langenfelds R., Leuenberger M., Machida T., Maignan F., Matsueda H., Morgui J.A., Mukai H., Nakazawa T., Peylin P., Ramonet M., Rivier L., Sawa Y., Schmidt M., Steele P., Vay S.A., Vermeulen A.T., Wofsy S.C., Worthy D., 2010. CO2 surface fluxes at grid point scale estimated from a global 21 year reanalysis of atmospheric measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research 115, D21307, doi:10.1029/2010JD013887.

Mammarella I., Werle P., Pihlatie M., Eugster W., Haapanala S., Kiese R., Markkanen T., Rannik Ü., Vesala T., 2010. A case study of eddy covariance flux of N2O measured within forest ecosystems: Quality control and flux error analysis. Biogeosciences 7, 427-440.

Markkanen T., Steinfeld G., Kljun N., Raasch S., Foken T., 2010. A numerical case study on footprint model performance under inhomogeneous flow conditions. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 19, 539-547.

Peters W., Krol M.C., van der Werf G.R., Houweling S., Jones C.D., Hughes J., Schaefer K., Masarie K.A., Jacobson A.R., Miller J.B., Cho C.H, Ramonet M., Schmidt M., Ciattaglia L., Apadula F., Heltai D., Meinhardt F., di Sarra A.G., Piacentino S., Sferlazzo D., Aalto T., Hatakka J., Ström J., Haszpra L., Meijer H.A.J., van der Laan S., Neubert R.E.M., Jordan A., Rodó X., Morgui J.-A., Vermeulen A.T., Rozanski K., Zimnoch M., Manning A.C., Leuenberger M., Uglietti C., Dolman A.J., Ciais P., Heimann M., Tans P.P., 2010. Seven years of recent European net terrestrial carbon dioxide exchange constrained by atmospheric observations. Global Change Biology 16, 1317-1337.

Ramonet M., Ciais P., Aalto T., Aulagnier C., Chevallier F., Cipriano D., Conway T.J., Haszpra L., Kazan V., Meinhardt F., Paris J.-D., Schmidt M., Simmonds P., Xueref-Rémy I., Zimnoch M., 2010. A recent build-up of atmospheric CO2 over Europe. Part 1 : Observed signals and possible explanations. Tellus 62B, 1-13.


Thum, T., PhD, 2009, Modelling boreal forest CO2 exchange and seasonality. Finnish Meteorological Institute Contributions 81, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

Gao, Y., PhD, 2016, Interactions between land surface, forests and climate: regional modelling studies in the boreal zone. Finnish Meteorological Institute Contributions 124, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

Tsuruta, A., PhD, 2017, Application of the ensemble Kalman filter in the estimation of global methane balance. Finnish Meteorological Institute Contributions 141, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

Susiluoto, J., PhD, 2019, Applications of Bayesian computational statistics and modeling to large-scale geoscientific problems. Finnish Meteorological Institute Contributions 154, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

Mäkelä, J., PhD, 2020, Bayesian methods applied for ecosystem model calibration and uncertainty source estimation. Finnish Meteorological Institute Contributions 160, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland.