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Research on three branches of activity

High-quality research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.

The meteorological and marine research programme does basic and applied research on meteorology, atmospheric science and physical oceanography. Research subjects include forecast models for different time frames, scientific applications and remote sensing observations linked to the research area as well as the effects of climate change and how to adapt to them.
The climate research programme does basic and applied research on the different components of the climate system. The research subjects are especially past, current and future climate as well as the composition of the atmosphere and its effects on climate change and air quality. Some of the employees of the programme work at the office in Kuopio.
The space and earth observation centre is responsible for the research of the polar regions and near space as well as developing technology related to the activity. The research subjects are especially arctic research and remote sensing, new observation methods and space. The Arctic Space Centre and Sodankylä office are a part of the Space and earth observation centre.

Science news

FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.

In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.

Arabian Peninsula - one of the world's largest sources of airborne particles

Arabian Peninsula - one of the world's largest sources of airborne particles

The Finnish Meteorological Institute has taken part in a study into airborne particles in the Arabian Peninsula, which are factors affecting air quality in the region. Research has been conducted in both Saudi Arabia and Jordan.

The Arabian Peninsula is one of the world's greatest sources of airborne particles. The sources are both natural and man-made. Of the natural sources of particles, sand dust rising from the desert is clearly the greatest. 

More information:

Research professor Heikki Lihavainen, heikki.lihavainen@fmi.fi

H. Lihavainen, M.A. Alghamdi, A. Hyvärinen, T. Hussein, K. Neitola, M. Khoder, A.S. Abdelmaksoud, H. Al-Jeelani, I.I. Shabbaj, F.M. Almehmadi, Aerosol optical properties at rural background area in Western Saudi Arabia, In Atmospheric Research, Volume 197, 2017, Pages 370-378, ISSN 0169-8095, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2017.07.019.


Tareq Hussein, Brandon E. Boor, Vanessa N. dos Santos, Juha Kangasluoma, Tuukka Petäjä, Heikki Lihavainen, Mobile Aerosol Measurement in the Eastern Mediterranean – 1 A Utilization of Portable Instruments, Aerosol and Air Quality Research, AAQR-16-11-OA-0479.R3, accepted, 2017Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 17: 1875–1886, 2017

Science news archive

Contact information

Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530

Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172

Climate Research Programme
Director  Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358  29 539 2135

Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701

FMI publications

FMI´s own publications series are:

  • FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
  • FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders

All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.