Cryospheric Processes

In Cryospheric Processes group, we investigate the use of Earth Observation (EO) data in understanding the water and carbon cycles in the Arctic, northern tundra and boreal forest regions.

An example of daily SMOS soil status over Northern Hemisphere. Picture courtesy of FMI, ESA and Planetary Visions Limited.
  • We develop new remote sensing sensor technology and satellite data interpretation methods for observing different processes of the cryosphere.

  • The group participates in several research projects funded by the European Space Agency (ESA) focusing on the Arctic-Boreal Zone.

  • One topical example is ESA MethEO-project:

    • The project investigates Northern Hemisphere methane (CH4) sources and their connection to the soil freezing and thawing at high latitudes by applying both data from Earth Observing (EO) satellites and global atmospheric methane inversion model estimates.

  • The Cryospheric Processes group operates both at Helsinki and Sodankylä in close co-operation with Meteorological Research and Climate System Research, as well as the FMI Sodankylä National Satellite Data Centre (NSDC).