European Co-operation

Political and economic integration together with the need to tackle common challenges in a consistent and cost effective way, has triggered an intensive co-operation between European meteorological institutes especially since the 80s. Finland is a Member in several European organisations and formal or less formal networks

ECMWF, the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts

Finland has been a member of ECMWF since its formation in 1973. Today there are 18 Member States and 14 Co-operating States of ECMWF. As a member Finland has access to the high quality 10-day numerical weather models as well as the seasonal forecast products produced at the centre. The principal goal of ECMWF in the coming ten years will be to maintain the current, rapid rate of improvement of its global, medium-range weather forecasting products, with particular effort on early warnings of severe weather.

The decision-making body of the ECMWF is Council, which is composed of delegates from the Member States and whcih meets twice a year. The Director General of FMI is a Member of the Council and Finland is also represented in all the Advisory Groups. Dr Heikki Järvinen from FMI is the Chair of the Scientific and Advisory Committee of ECMWF.

EUMETSAT, the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites

The membership in the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) allows us the real time receiving of weather and climate-related satellite data, images and products– 24 hours a day. It also gives us the possibility to participate in its several research programmes. The FMI is hosting the Ozone research programme.

EUMETSAT is an international organisation and was founded in 1986. Finland has been a member since the beginning. The decision-making body of EUMETSAT is the Council, which is composed of delegates from the Member States. Prof. Petteri Taalas, Director General of FMI is the Chair of the Council and Ms Pirkko Pylkkö, FMI, the Chair of the Scientific and Technical Group.


GIE/EIG EUMETNET is a network grouping of 26 European National Meteorological Services. EUMETNET provides a framework to organise co-operative programmes between the Members in the various fields of basic meteorological activities such as observing systems, data processing, basic forecasting products, research and development, training. Through EUMETNET Programmes, the Members intend to develop their collective capability to serve environment management and climate monitoring and to bring to all European users the best available quality of meteorological information. They will use EUMETNET to more efficiently manage their collective resources and gain teh critical mass.

FMI has been a Member of EUMETNET since the beginning in 1996. FMI is responsible for two of the EUMETNET Programmes, the training programme, EUMETCAL and the Operational Programme for the Exchange of weather RAdar information, OPERA.


ECOMET is an Economic Interest Grouping between the Meteorological and Hydrological Services in Europe and its 23 Members in all Europe, envisages the widest availability of basic meteorological data for re-use applications. The ECOMET website gives you full information of available data and products and license conditions. The ECOMET catalogue lists all available meteorological information per service free of charge.Data and products against tariff are listed in a separate price list of the ECOMET Members.


COST is an intergovernmental framework for European Cooperation in Science and Technology, allowing the coordination of nationally-funded research on a European level. COST contributes to reducing the fragmentation in European research investments and opening the European Research Area to cooperation worldwide.

The goal of COST is to ensure that Europe holds a strong position in the field of scientific and technical research for peaceful purposes, by increasing European cooperation and interaction in this field. This research initiative makes it possible for the various national facilities, institutes, universities and private industry to work jointly on a wide range of Research and Development (R&D) activities.

COST – together with EUREKA and the EU framework programmes – is one of the three pillars of joint European research initiatives. These three complementary structures have differing areas of research.