Publications of Yasso


Descriptions of model versions


Järvenpää, M., Repo, A., Akujärvi, A., Kaasalainen, M. & Liski, J. Soil carbon model Yasso15 - Bayesian calibration using worldwide litter decomposition and carbon stock data. Manuscript in preparation (PDF 4 MB)

Repo, A., Järvenpää, M., Kollin, J., Rasinmäki, J. & Liski, J. 2016. Yasso15 graphical user-interface manual  (PDF 1 MB)


Tuomi, M., Rasinmäki, J., Repo, A., Vanhala, P. & Liski. J. 2011.Soil carbon model Yasso07 graphical user interface.Environmental Modeling and Software 26 (11): 1358-1362. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2011.05.009

Tuomi, M., Laiho, R., Repo, A., & Liski. J. 2011. Wood decomposition model for boreal forests. Ecological Modelling 222 (3): 709-718. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.10.025

Tuomi, M., Thum, T., Järvinen, H., Fronzek, S., Berg, B., Harmon, M., Trofymow, J.A., Sevanto, S. & Liski, J. 2009. Leaf litter decomposition - Estimates of global variability based on Yasso07 model. Ecological Modelling 220 (23):3362-3371. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.05.016

Tuomi, M., Vanhala, P., Karhu, K., Fritze, H. & Liski, J. 2008. Heterotrophic soil respiration - comparison of different models describing its temperature dependence. Ecological Modelling 211(1-2): 182-190. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.09.003


Liski, J., Palosuo, T., Peltoniemi, M. & Sievänen, R., 2005. Carbon and decomposition model Yasso for forest soils. Ecological Modelling 189(1-2): 168-182. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.03.005

Liski, J., Nissinen, A., Erhard, M. & Taskinen, O. 2003. Climatic effects on litter decomposition from arctic tundra to tropical rainforest. Global Change Biology 9(4): 575-584. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00605.x

Other models using Yasso

Max Planck Institute Earth System Model

Goll, D. S., Winkler, A. J., Raddatz, T., Dong, N., Prentice, I. C., Ciais, P., and Brovkin, V. 2017. Carbon-nitrogen interactions in idealized simulations with JSBACH (version 3.10), Geosci. Model Dev. 10: 2009-2030. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-2009-2017

Goll, D.,  Brovkin, V., Liski, J., Raddatz,T., Thum, T. & Todd-Brown, K. 2015.Strong dependence of CO2 emissions from anthropogenic land cover change on initial land cover and soil carbon parametrization. Global Biochemical Cycles 29 (9): 1511–1523. doi: 10.1002/2014GB004988

Thum, T., Räisänen, P., Sevanto, S., Tuomi, M., Reick, C., Vesala, T., Raddatz, T., Aalto, T., Järvinen, H., Altimir, N., Pilegaard, K., Zoltan, N., Rambal, S. & Liski, J. 2011. Soil carbon model alternatives for ECHAM5/JSBACH climate model: evaluation and impacts on global carbon cycle estimates. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences 116,G02028. doi:10.1029/2010JG001612

UNFCCC Greenhouse gas reporting, Kyoto Protocol

Austria (National Inventory Report 2016)

Czech Republic (National Inventory Report 2016)

Estonia (National Inventory Report 2016)

Ireland (National Inventory Report 2016)

Finland (National Inventory Report 2016)

Latvia (National Inventory Report 2016)

Norway (National Inventory Report 2016)

Romania (National Inventory Report 2016)

Switzerland (National Inventory Report 2016)


Mäkipää, R., Liski, J., Guendehou, S., Malimbwi, R. & Kaaya, A. 2012. Soil carbon monitoring using surveys and modelling. General description and application in the United Republic of Tanzania. FAO Forestry Paper 168.


Eggers, J., Lindner, M., Zudin, S., Zaehle, S. & Liski, J. 2008. Impact of changing wood demand, climate and land use on European forest resources and carbon stocks during the 21st century.Global Change Biology 14(10): 2288-2303. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01653.x

Global Forest Model G4M

Repo, A., Böttcher, H., Kindermann, G. & Liski, J. 2014. Sustainability of forest bioenergy in Europe: land-use-related carbon dioxide emissions of forest harvest residues. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12179


Masera R, Garza-Caligaris J, Kanninen M., Karjalainen, T., Liski, J., Nabuurs, G., Pussinen, A.,John, B. & Mohren, G.  2003. Modeling carbon sequestration in afforestation, agroforestry and forest management projects: the CO2FIX V.2 approach. Ecological Modelling, 164, 177–199. doi:10.1016/S0304-3800(02)00419-2


Sievänen, R. Salminen, O., Lehtonen, A. Ojanen, P. Liski, J. Ruosteenoja, K. &  Tuomi, M. 2013. Carbon stock changes of forest land in Finland under different levels of wood use and climate change. Annals of Forest Science. 71: 255-265. doi:10.1007/s13595-013-0295-7


Hynynen, J., Ahtikoski, A., Siitonen, J., Sievänen, R. & Liski, J. 2004. Applying the MOTTI simulator to analyze the effects of alternative management schedules on timber and non-timber production. Forest Ecology and Management 207(1-2):5-18. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.10.015


Pukkala, T. 2014. Does biofuel harvesting and continuous cover management increase carbon sequestration? Forest Policy and Economic. doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2014.03.004

Hiilitaselaskuri, alueellisen hiilitaseen laskentatyökalu

Helsingin kaupungin ympäristökeskus. 2014. Kuntien hiilitasekartoitus osa 1 Helsingin, Lahden, Turun, Vantaan ja Espoon maankäyttösektorin kasvihuonekaasupäästöt hiilinielut ja hiilivarastot

Helsingin kaupungin ympäristökeskus. 2014. Kuntien hiilitasekartoitus osa 2 Hiilitaselaskuri ja toimenpidevalikoima



Joensuu, K. & Saarinen, M. 2017. Applying soil quality indicators in the context of life cycle assessment in a Finnish case study. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 22(9): 1339-1353. DOI: 10.1007/s11367-016-1247-x

Ajit, Handa, A. K., Dhyani, S. K., Bhat, G. M., Malik, A. R., Dutt, V., Masoodi, T. H., Uma & Jain, A. 2017. Quantification of carbon stocks and sequestration potential through existing agroforestry systems in the hilly Kupwara district of Kashmir valley in India. Current Science 113(4) 782-785. DOI: 10.18520/cs/v113/i04/782-785

Fleck S, Ahrends B, Sutmöller J, Albert M, Evers J & Meesenburh H. 2017. Is Biomass Accumulation in Forests an Option to Prevent Climate Change Induced Increases in Nitrate Concentrations in the North German Lowland? Forests 8(6): 219. DOI: 10.3390/f8060219

Pukkala T. 2017. Does management improve the carbon balance of forestry? Forestry 90(1): 125-135. DOI: 10.1093/forestry/cpw043

Hernández L, Jandl R, Blujdea VNB, Lehtonen A, Kriiska K, Alberdi I, Adermann V, Cañellas I, Marin G, Moreno-Fernández D, Ostonen I, Varik M & Didion M. 2017. Towards complete and harmonized assessment of soil carbon stocks and balance in forests: The ability of the Yasso07 model across a wide gradient of climatic and forest conditions in Europe. Science of the Total Environment 599-600: 1171-1180. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.298

Jasinevičius, G., Lindner, M., Verkerk, P.J., Aleinikovas, M., 2017. Assessing Impacts of Wood Utilisation Scenarios for a Lithuanian Bioeconomy: Impacts on Carbon in Forests and Harvested Wood Products and on the Socio-Economic Performance of the Forest-Based Sector. Forests 8, 133. DOI: 10.3390/f8040133

Heinonen, t., Pukkala, T., Mehtätalo, L., Asikainen, A., Kangas, J. & Peltola, H. 2017. Scenario analyses for the effects of harvesting intensity on development of forest resources, timber supply, carbon balance and biodiversity of Finnish forestry. Forest Policy and Economics 80: 80-98. DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2017.03.011


Hakala, K., Heikkinen, J., Sinkko, T. & Pahkala, K. 2016. Field trial results of straw yield with different harvesting methods, and modelled effects on soil organic carbon. A case study from Southern Finland. Biomass & Bioenergy 95: 8-18. DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.08.021

Hou, L., Li, Z., Luo, CL., Bai, LL. & Dong, NN. 2016. Optimization Forest Thinning Measures for Carbon Budget in a Mixed Pine-Oak Stand of the Qingling Mountains, China: A Case Study. Forests 7: 272. DOI: 10.3390/f7110272

Porso, C., Mate, R., Vinterback, J. & Hansson, P-A. 2016. Time-Dependent Climate Effects of Eucalyptus Pellets Produced in Mozambique Used Locally or for Export. Bioenergy Research 9: 942-954. DOI: 10.1007/s12155-016-9746-y

Kallio, A. M. I., Salminen, O. & Sievanen, R. 2016. Forests in the Finnish low carbon scenarios. Journal of Forest Economics 23: 45-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfe.2015.12.001

Cherubini, F., Huijbregts, M., Kindermann, G., Van Zelm, R., Van der Velde, M., Stadler, K. & Stromman, AH. 2016. Global spatially explicit CO2 emission metrics for forest bioenergy. Scientific Reports 6: 20186. DOI: 10.1038/srep20186

Didion, M., Blujdea, V., Grassi, G., Hernandez, L., Jandl, R., Kriiska, K., Lehtonen, A. & Saint-Andre, L. 2016. Models for reporting forest litter and soil C pools in national greenhouse gas inventories: methodological considerations and requirements. Carbon Management 7: 79-92. DOI: 10.1080/17583004.2016.1166457

Pingoud, K., Ekholm, T., Soimakallio, S. & Helin, T. 2016. Carbon balance indicator for forest bioenergy scenarios. Global Change Biology Bioenergy 8: 171-182. DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12253

Zubizarreta-Gerendiain, A., Pukkala, T. & Peltola, H. 2016. Effects of wood harvesting and utilisation policies on the carbon balance of forestry under changing climate: a Finnish case study. Forest Policy and Economics 62: 168-176. DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2015.08.007

Alvarez, S., Ortiz, C., Diaz-Pines, E. & Rubio, A. 2016. Influence of tree species composition, thinning intensity and climate change on carbon sequestration in Mediterranean mountain forests: a case study using the CO2Fix model. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 21(7): 1045-1058. DOI: 10.1007/s11027-014-9565-4

Alvarez, S., & Rubio, A. 2016. Wood Use and Forest Management for Carbon Sequestration in Community Forestry in Sierra Juarez, Mexico. Small-scale Forestry 15(3): 357-374. DOI: 10.1007/s11842-016-9325-2

Rizvi, R. H., Newaj, R., Prasad, R. et al. 2016. Assessment of carbon storage potential and area under agroforestry systems in Gujarat Plains by CO2FIX model and remote sensing techniques. Current Science 110(10): 2005-2011. DOI: 10.18520/cs/v110/i10/2005-2011

Quinkenstein, A. & Jochheim, H. 2016. Assessing the carbon sequestration potential of poplar and black locust short rotation coppices on mine reclamation sites in Eastern Germany - Model development and application. Journal of Environmental Management 168: 53-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.11.044

Prada, M., Bravo, F., Berdasco, L., Canga, E. & Martinez-Alonso, C. 2016. Carbon sequestration for different management alternatives in sweet chestnut coppice in northern Spain. Journal of Cleaner Production 153: 1161-1169, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.07.041

Koljonen, T., Soimakallio, S., Asikainen, A. et al. 2017. Energia- ja ilmastostrategian vaikutusarviot: Yhteenvetoraportti. (Summary: Impact assessments of the Energy and Climate strategy: The summary report.) Valtioneuvoston selvitys- ja tutkimustoiminnan julkaisusarja 21/2017.

Lehtonen, A., Linkosalo, T., Peltoniemi, M., Sievänen, R., Mäkipää, R., Tamminen, P., Salemaa, M., Nieminen, T., Ťupek, B., Heikkinen, J., and Komarov, A. 2016. Forest soil carbon stock estimates in a nationwide inventory: evaluating performance of the ROMULv and Yasso07 models in Finland, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 4169-4183, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-4169-2016

Nyawira, S., Nabel, J., Don, A., Brovkin, V. & Pongratz, J. 2016. Soil carbon response to land-use change: evaluation of a global vegetation model using observational meta-analyses. Biogeosciences, 13, 5661-5675. doi:10.5194/bg-13-5661-2016

Lehtonen, A., Salminen, O., Kallio, M., Tuomainen, T., & Sievänen, R. 2016. Skenaariolaskelmiin perustuva puuston ja metsien kasvihuonekaasutaseen kehitys vuoteen 2045. Selvitys maa- ja metsätalousministeriölle vuoden 2016 energia- ja ilmastostrategian valmistelua varten. Luonnonvara- ja biotalouden tutkimus 32/2016.

Akujärvi, A., Lehtonen, A. & Liski, J. 2016. Ecosystem services of boreal forests – Carbon budget mapping at high resolution. Journal of Environmental Management 181:498-514. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.06.066

Didion, M., Repo, A., Liski, J., Forsius, M., Bierbaumer, M. & Djukic, I. 2016. Towards Harmonizing Leaf Litter Decomposition Studies Using Standard Tea Bags—A Field Study and Model Application. Forests 7:167 doi:10.3390/f7080167

Dalsgaard, L.,  Lange, H., Tau Strand, L., Callesen, I., Kynding Borgen, S., Liski, J. & Astrup, R. 2016. Underestimation of boreal forest soil carbon stocks related to soil classification and drainage. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. doi:10.1139/cjfr-2015-0466.

Vanhala, P., Bergström, I., Haaspuro, T., Kortelainen, P., Holmberg, M. & Forsius, M. 2016. Boreal forests can have a remarkable role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions locally: Land use-related and anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and sinks at the municipal level. Science of Total Environment 557-558:51-57. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.03.040


Palosuo, T., Heikkinen, J. & Regina, K. 2015. Method for estimating soil carbon stock changes in Finnish mineral cropland and grassland soils. Carbon management 6:207-220. doi:10.1080/17583004.2015.1131383

Valin, H., Peters, D., van den Berg, M., Frank, S., Havlik, P., Forsell, N. & Hamelinck, C. 2015. The land use change impact of biofuels consumed in the EU Quantification of area and greenhouse gas impacts. Ecofys, IIASA and E4tech.

Tilastokeskus 2015. Suomen kasvihuonekaasupäästöt 1990-2014.

Forsius, M., Akujärvi, A., Mattson, T., Holmberg, M., Punttila, P., Posch, M., Liski, J., Repo, A., Virkkala, R. & Vihervaara, P. 2015. Modelling impacts of forest bioenergy use on ecosystem sustainability: Lammi LTER region, southern Finland. Ecological Indicators doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.11.032

Haakana, M., Ollila, P., Regina, K.,  Riihimäki, H.  & Tuomainen, T. 2015. Menetelmä maankäytön kehityksen ennustamiseen : pinta-alojen kehitys ja kasvihuonekaasupäästöt vuoteen 2040. Luonnonvara- ja biotalouden tutkimus 51/2015.

Goll, D.,  Brovkin, V., Liski, J., Raddatz,T., Thum, T. & Todd-Brown, K. 2015.Strong dependence of CO2 emissions from anthropogenic land cover change on initial land cover and soil carbon parametrization. Global Biochemical Cycles. doi:10.1002/2014GB004988

Lehtonen, A. & Heikkinen, J. 2015. Uncertainty of upland soil carbon sink estimate for Finland. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. doi:10.1139/cjfr-2015-0171

Negash, M. & Kanninen, M. 2015.Modeling biomass and soil carbon sequestration of indigenous agroforestry systems using CO2FIX approach. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 203:147-155. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2015.02.004

Pingoud, K., Ekholm,T.  Soimakallio, S.  & Helin, T. 2015. Carbon balance indicator for forest bioenergy scenarios. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12253

de Wit, H., Austness, K., Hylen, G. & Dalsgaard, L. 2015. A carbon balance of Norway: terrestrial and aquatic carbon fluxes. Biogeochemistry 123: 147-173. doi:10.1007/s10533-014-0060-5

Hojung, K.,Young-Hwan, K., Rahyun, K. & Hyun, P. 2015. Reviews of forest carbon dynamics models that use empirical yield curves: CBM-CFS3, CO2FIX, CASMOFOR, EFISCEN. Forest Science and Technology

Repo, A., Ahtikoski, A. & Liski. J. 2015. Cost of turning forest residue bioenergy to carbon neutral. Forest Policy and Economics 57:12-21. doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2015.04.005

Gustavsson, L., Hausa, S., Ortiz. C., Sathre. R. & Le Truonga, N. 2015. Climate effects of bioenergy from forest residues in comparison to fossil energy. Applied Energy 138:36-50. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.10.013


Kallio, M., Salminen, O. & Sievänen R. 2014. Low Carbon Finland 2050 -platform: skenaariot metsäsektorille. Metlan työraportteja 308.

Viñas, R., Blujdea, V., Fererici, S., Hiederer, R., Pilli, R. & Grassi. R. 2014.  Analysis and proposals for enhancing Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of greenhouse gases from Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry in the EU. JRC Technical Reports.

Black, K., Creamer, R., Xenakis, G & Cook, S. 2014. Improving forest soil carbon models using spatial data and geostatistical approaches. Geoderma 232-234:487:499. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.05.022

Guendehou, G.H.S & Mäkipää, R. 2014. Approach to data collection for soil carbon modelling in Benin. Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 290.

Hautanen, J. & Ojanen, P. 2014. Eri kaasujen ja metsänhoitotöiden merkitys metsien kasvihuonekaasutaseessa: esimerkkinä Etelä- ja Keski-Pohjanmaa. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 1/2014: 3–12.

Honkaniemi, J., Ojansuu, R., Piri, T., Kasanen, R., Lehtonen, M., Salminen, H.,  Kalliokoski, T., Mäkinen, H. 2014. Hmodel, a Heterobasidion annosum model for even-aged Norway spruce stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 44: 796-809. doi:10.1139/cjfr-2014-0011

Jäppinen, E. Korpinen, O-J, Laitila, J. & Ranta, T. 2014. Greenhouse gas emissions of forest bioenergy supply and utilization in Finland. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 29:369-382. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.101

Kobal, M., Eler, K.,  Simončič, P. &  Kraigher H. 2014. Assessment of organic matter changes in the soil of the Brdo plot under different climate change scenarios through the Yasso07 model application. Acta Silvae et Ligni (103).

Lu, N., Akujärvi, A., Wu, X., Liski, J., Wen, Z., Holmberg, M., Feng, X., Zeng, Y.& Fu, B. 2014. Changes in soil carbon stock predicted by a process-based soil carbon model (Yasso07) in the Yanhe watershed of the Loess Plateau. Landscape Ecology. doi:10.1007/s10980-014-0132-x

Regina, K., Lehtonen, H., Palosuo, T. & Ahvenjärvi S. 2014. Maatalouden kasvihuonekaasupäästöt
ja niiden vähentäminen. MTT Raportti 127.

Wu, X. Akujärvi, A., Lu, N., Liski, J., Liu, G., Wang, Y., Holmberg, M., Li, F., Zeng, Y. & Fu, B. 2014. Dynamics of soil organic carbon stock in a typical catchment of the Loess Plateau: comparison of model simulations with measurements. Landcape Ecology. doi:0.1007/s10980-014-0110-3

Holmberg, M., Akujärvi, A., Anttila,S., Arvola, L., Bergström, I., Böttcher, K. Feng, X., Forsius, M., Huttunen, I., Huttunen, M., Laine, Y. Lehtonen ,H. Liski, J., Mononen, L. Rankinen, K., Repo, A. Seppänen, V., Vanhala, P. & Vihervaara, P. 2014. ESLab application to a boreal watershed in southern Finland – preparing for a virtual research environment of ecosystem services. Landscape Ecology. doi:10.1007/s10980-014-0122-z

Akujärvi, A., Heikkinen, J., Palosuo, T. & Liski J. 2014. Carbon budget of Finnish croplands – effects of land use change from natural forest to cropland. Geoderma Regional. doi:10.1016/j.geodrs.2014.09.003

Didion, M., Frey, B., Rogiers, N. & Thürig, E. 2014. Validating tree litter decomposition in the Yasso07 carbon model. Ecological Modelling. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.07.028

Helsingin kaupungin ympäristökeskus. 2014.   Kuntien hiilitasekartoitus osa 1 Helsingin, Lahden, Turun, Vantaan ja Espoon maankäyttösektorin kasvihuonekaasupäästöt hiilinielut ja hiilivarastot (PDF 1.3MB)

Helsingin kaupungin ympäristökeskus. 2014. Kuntien hiilitasekartoitus osa 2 Hiilitaselaskuri ja toimenpidevalikoima (PDF 1.9 MB)

Pukkala, T. 2014. Does biofuel harvesting and continuous cover management increase carbon sequestration? Forest Policy and Economic. doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2014.03.004

Heikkinen, J., Kurganova, I, de Gerenyu, V., Palosuo, T. & Regina K. 2014. Changes in soil carbon stock after cropland conversion to grassland in Russian temperate zone: measurements versus model simulation. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 98:97-106.  doi:10.1007/s10705-014-9599-8

Juntheikki, J. 2014. Estimation of eucalyptus forest plantations carbon sequestration potential in Uruguay with the CO2fix model. Master's thesis, Forest Economics, University of Helsinki, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forest Sciences.

Repo, A., Böttcher, H., Kindermann, G. & Liski, J. 2014. Sustainability of forest bioenergy in Europe: land-use-related carbon dioxide emissions of forest harvest residues. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12179

Zetterberg, L. & Chen, D. 2014. The time aspect of bioenergy - Climate impacts of solid biofuels due to carbon dynamics. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12174

Goll, D.S., Brovkin, V. & Liski, J. 2014. A new decomposition model in JSBACH: consequences for the carbon balance. Global Vegetation Monitoring and Modeling, International Conference. Avignon, France, 3-7 February 2014. Poster presentation

Cseh, V.,  Kiss, M. & Tanács, E. 2014. Carbon sequestration of floodplain forests: a case study from Hungary, Maros river valley. Tiscia 40:3-10.

Nizami, S., Yiping, Z., Liqing, S. Zhao, W. & Zhang, X. 2014. Managing Carbon Sinks in Rubber (Hevea brasilensis) Plantation by Changing Rotation length in SW China.PloS One 9 (12):e115234. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0115234


Guendehou, G., Liski, J., Tuomi, M.,  Moudachirou, M., Sinsin, B. &  Mäkipää, R. 2013. Test of validity of a dynamic soil carbon model using data from leaf litter decomposition in a West African tropical forest. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions. doi:10.5194/gmdd-6-3003-2013.

Brunner, I., Børja, I.,  Dalsgaard,L., Deckmyn, G.,  Ekblad, A., Godbold, D., Guerra Avalos, I., Lukac, M., Kalbitz,K.,  Kriiska,K.,  Ostonen, I., Schnepf, A., et al. 2013. Belowground carbon turnover in European Forests: Fine roots, mycorrhizal mycelia, soil organic matter and soil models. FNWI: Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED), FNWI: Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)

Dolschak, K., Jandl, R. & Ledermann, T. 2013 Chapter 13. Coupling a Forest Growth Model with a Soil Carbon Simulator.  In Management Strategies to Adapt Alpine Space Forests to Climate Change Risks.

Jandl, R., Breznikar,  A., Lekše, M., Tomiczek, C., Schüler, S., Dolschak , K, & Zöscher, H. 2013. Chapter 17 Case Study Carinthia / Slovenia – Productive Forests Affected by Climate Change. In Management Strategies to Adapt Alpine Space Forests to Climate Change Risks.

Rashid, M. 2013. Simulating the effect of thinning treatments on soil carbon stocks in Norway spruce in southern Sweden. Masters Thesis no 217. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.

Ojanen, P., Minkkinen, K. & Penttilä, T. 2013. The current greenhouse gas impact of forestry-drained boreal peatlands. Forest Ecology and Management 289:201-208. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2012.10.008

Ajit, D. Ramnewaj, S.K. et al. 2013. Modeling analysis of potential carbon sequestration under existing agroforestry systems in three districts of Indo-gangetic plains in India. Agroforestry systems 87:1129-1146. doi:10.1007/s10457-013-9625-x

Finland's Sixth National Communication under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 2013. Ministry of the Environment and Statistics Finland, Helsinki.

Guest G., Cherubini, F. &  Hammer Strømman A. 2013. Climate impact potential of utilizing forest residues for bioenergy in Norway.Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 18:1089-1108. doi:10.1007/s11027-012-9409-z

Lu, N., Liski, J., Chang, R., Akujärvi, A., Wu, X., Jin, T., Wang, Y. & Fu, B. 2013. Soil organic carbon dynamics following afforestation in the loess plateau of China. Biogeosciences 10: 7053-7063. doi:10.5194/bg-10-7053-2013

Kallio, M.,  Salminen, O. & Sievänen, R. 2013. Sequester or substitute—Consequences of increased production of wood based energy on the carbon balance in Finland. Journal of Forest Economics. doi:10.1016/j.jfe.2013.05.001

Repo, A., Tuovinen, J-P & Liski, J. 2014. Can we produce carbon and climate neutral forest bioenergy? Global Change Biology Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12134

Borgen, S. & Hylen, G. 2013. Emissions and methodologies for cropland and grassland used in the Norwegian national greenhouse gas inventory. Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute.

Väisänen, S., Silvan, N., Ihalainen, A. & Soukka R. 2013. Peat Production in High-Emission Level Peatlands - A Key to Reducing Climatic Impacts? Energy & Environment 24:757-778. doi:10.1260/0958-305X.24.5.757

Liski, J., Kaasalainen, S., Raumonen, P. Akujärvi, A., Krooks, A., Repo, A. & Kaasalainen, M. 2013. Indirect emissions of forest bioenergy: detailed modeling of stump-root systems. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12091

Vanhala, P., Repo, A. & Liski, J. 2013. Forest bioenergy at the cost of carbon sequestration? Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 5:41-46. doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2012.10.015

Sjølie, H., Latta, G. & Solberg B. 2013. Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol on boreal forest climate change mitigation. Annals of Forest Science. doi:10.1007/s13595-013-0289-5

Köck K., Leifeld J. & Fuhrer J. 2013. A model-based inventory of sinks and sources of CO2 in agricultural soils in Switzerland: development of a concept. Forschungsanstalt Agroscope, Zürich.

Sievänen, R. Salminen, O., Lehtonen, A. Ojanen, P. Liski, J. Ruosteenoja, K. &  Tuomi, M. 2013. Carbon stock changes of forest land in Finland under different levels of wood use and climate change. Annals of Forest Science. 71: 255-265. doi:10.1007/s13595-013-0295-7

Holma, A., Koponen, K., Antikainen, R., Lardon, L., Leskinen, P. & Roux, P. 2013. RouxCurrent limits of life cycle assessment framework in evaluating environmental sustainability – case of two evolving biofuel technologiesJournal of Cleaner Production. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.04.032

Koponen, K., Soimakallio, S., Tsupari, E., Thun, R. & Antikainen R. 2013. GHG emission performance of various liquid transportation biofuels in Finland in accordance with the EU sustainability criteria. Applied Energy 102:440-448. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.07.023

Ortiz, C., Liski, J., Gärdenäs, A., Lehtonen, A., Lundblad, M., Stendahl, J., Ågren, G. & Karltun, E. 2013.Soil organic carbon stock changes in Swedish forest soils—A comparison of uncertainties and their sources through a national inventory and two simulation models. Ecological Modelling 251:221-231. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.12.017

Grönroos, J., Seppälä, J., Koskela, S., Kilpeläinen, A., Leskinen, P., Holma, A., Tuovinen, J-P., Turunen, J., Lind, S. Maljanen, M. & Martikainen, P. 2013. Life-cycle climate impacts of peat fuel: calculation methods and methodological challenges. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 18:567-576. doi:10.1007/s11367-012-0512-x


Egbe, A., Tabot, P., Fonge, B. & Bechem, E. 2012. Simulation of the impacts of three management regimes on carbon sinks in rubber and oil palm plantation ecosystems of South- Western Cameroon.
Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment 4:154-162. doi:10.5897/jene11.146

Nussbaum, M. & Papritz, A. 2012. Organic Carbon Stocks of Swiss Forest Soils. Final Report. ETH Zürich.

Rantakari, M., Lehtonen, A., Linkosalo, T., Tuomi, M., Tamminen, P., Heikkinen, J., Liski, J., Mäkipää, R., Ilvesniemi, H. & Sievänen, R. 2012. The Yasso07 soil carbon model - Testing against repeated soil carbon inventory. 2012  Forest Ecology and Management. 286, p. 137-147. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2012.08.041

Pérez-Cruzado, C., Mohren, G., Merino, A. & Rodríguez-Soalleiro, R. 2012.Carbon balance for different management practices for fast growing tree species planted on former pastureland in southern Europe: a case study using the CO(2)Fix model. European Journal of Forest Research doi:10.1007/s10342-012-0609-6

Guest, G, Cherubini, F. & Hammer Strømman, A. 2012. The role of forest residues in the accounting for the global warming potential of bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12014

Karhu, K., Gärdenäs, A., Heikkinen, J., Vanhala, P., Tuomi, M., & Liski J. 2012. Impacts of organic amendments on carbon stocks of an agricultural soil — Comparison of model-simulations to measurements. Geoderma 189-190: 606-616. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.06.007

Palosuo, T., Foereid, B., Svensson, M., Shurpali, N., Lehtonen, A., Herbst, M., Linkosalo, T., Ortiz, C. Rampazzo Todorovic, G. Marcinkonis, S., Changsheng, L. & Jandl, R. 2012. A multi-model comparison of soil carbon assessment of a coniferous forest stand. Environmental Modelling & Software 35: 38-49. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2012.02.004

Pingoud, K., Ekholm, T. & Savolainen, I. 2012. Global warming potential factors and warming payback time as climate indicators of forest biomass use.. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. 17:369-386. doi:10.1007/s11027-011-9331-9

Repo, A., Känkänen, R., Tuovinen, J-P., Antikainen, R., Tuomi, M., Vanhala, P. & Liski, J. 2012. Forest bioenergy climate impact can be improved by allocating forest residue removal. Global Change Biology Bioenergy 4 (2): 202-212. doi:10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01124.x


Härkönen, S., Lehtonen, A. Eerikäinen, K., Peltoniemi, M. & Mäkelä, A. 2011.Estimating forest carbon fluxes for large regions based on process-based modelling, NFI data and Landsat satellite images. Forest Ecology and Management 262:2364-2377. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2011.08.035

Verkerk, P.J., Lindner; M., Zanchi,G. & Zudin, S. 2011.Estimating forest carbon fluxes for large regions based on process-based modelling, NFI data and Landsat satellite images.  Assessing impacts of intensified biomass removal on deadwood in European forests. Ecological Indicators 11:27-35. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.04.004

Etzold,S., Ruehr, N., Zweifel,R., Dobbertin, M., Zingg, A., Pluess,P., Häsler, R., Eugster, W. &
Buchmann, N. 2011. The Carbon Balance of Two Contrasting Mountain Forest Ecosystems in Switzerland: Similar Annual Trends, but Seasonal Differences. Ecosystems 14:1289-1309. doi:10.1007/s10021-011-9481-3

Bright, R. Hammer Strømman, A. & Peters, R. 2011. Radiative Forcing Impacts of Boreal Forest Biofuels: A Scenario Study for Norway in Light of Albedo. Environmental Science & Technology 45:7570-7580. doi:10.1021/es201746b

Härkönen, S., Lehtonen, A., Eerikäinen, K., Peltoniemi, M. & Mäkelä, A. 2011. Forest Ecology and Management 262:2364-2377. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2011.08.035

Rantakari, M., Lehtonen, A., Liski, J., Tamminen, P., Heikkinen, J., Tuomi, M., Mäkipää, R., Linkosalo, T. & Ilvesniemi, H. 2011. Testing validity of soil carbon model Yasso07 against empirical data. Final Report.

Lehtonen, A., Puolakka, P., Ihalainen, A., Heikkinen, J. & Korhonen, K.  Metsähallituksen hallinnoimien metsien hiilitaseet. 2011. Metlan työraportteja / Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 199.

Karhu, K., Wall, A., Vanhala, P., Liski, J., Esala, M. & Regina, K. 2011. Effects of afforestation and deforestation on boreal soil carbon stocks - comparison of measured C stocks with Yasso07 model results. Geoderma 164 (1-2): 33-45. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.05.008

Liski, J., Repo, A., Känkänen, R., Vanhala, P., Seppälä, J., Antikainen, R., Grönroos, J., Karvosenoja, N., Lähtinen, K., Leskinen, P., Paunu V-V.  and Tuovinen, J-P. 2011. SY5/2011 Metsäbiomassan energiakäytön ilmastovaikutukset Suomessa. The Finnish Environment 5/2011, 43 p., ISBN 978-952-11-3840-9 (pdf), ISSN 1796-1637 (online).

Repo, A. Tuomi, M. & Liski, J. 2011. Indirect carbon dioxide emissions from producing bioenergy from forest harvest residues. Global Change Biology Bioenergy 3: 107-115. doi:10.1111/j.1757-1707.2010.01065.x


Seppälä, J., Grönroos, J., Koskela, S., Holma, A., Leskinen, P., Liski, J., Tuovinen, J-P., Laurila, T., Turunen, J., Lind, S., Maljanen, M., Martikainen, P. and Kilpeläinen, A. 2010.  FE16/2010 Climate impacts of peat fuel utilization chains - a critical review of the Finnish and Swedish life cycle assessments. The Finnish Environment 16/2010. 122 p. ISBN 978-952-11 (pdf), ISSN 1796-1637 (online).

Johnson, K., Scatena, F. & Pan, Y. 2010. Short- and long-term responses of total soil organic carbon to harvesting in a northern hardwood forest Forest Ecology and Management 259: 1262-1267. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.06.049

Äijälä, O., Kuusinen, M. & Koistinen, A. 2010. Hyvän metsänhoidon suositukset energiapuun korjuuseen ja kasvatukseen. Metsätalouden kehittämiskeskus Tapion julkaisuja.   

Cao, T., Valsta, L. & Mäkinen, A. 2010. A comparison of carbon assessment methods for optimizing timber production and carbon sequestration in Scots pine stands. Forest Ecology and Management 260:1726-1734. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2010.07.053


Ortiz,C., Lundblad, M., Liski, J., Stendahl, J., Karltun, E., Lehtonen, A. & Gärdenäs, A. 2009. Measurements and models – a comparison of quantification methods for SOC changes in forest soils. Swedish Environmental Emissions Data Report No 31. SMED Report 2009 31 (pdf) (1.1 MB)

Lee, A., Noh, J., Yoon, T., Lee, K., Seo, W., Lee,  K., Cho, Y.,  & Son, Y. 2009. Estimation of forest soil carbon stocks with Yasso using dendrochronological approach. Journal of Korean Forestry Society 98, 791–798, 2009 (in Korean).

Rühr, N. & Eugster, W. 2009. Soil respiration fluxes and carbon sequestration of two mountain forests in Switzerland. Report for the Federal Office for the Environment. ETH Zürich

Raymer, A., Gobakken, T., Solberg, B., Hoen, H. & Bergseng, E. 2009. A forest optimisation model including carbon flows: Application to a forest in Norway. Forest Ecology and Management 258:579-589. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.04.036


Eggers, J., Lindner, M., Zudin, S., Zaehle, S. & Liski, J. 2008. Impact of changing wood demand, climate and land use on European forest resources and carbon stocks during the 21st century.
Global Change Biology 14(10): 2288-2303. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01653.x

Kirkinen, J., Palosuo, T., Holmgren, K. & Savolainen, I. 2008. Greenhouse Impact Due to the Use of Combustible Fuels: Life Cycle Viewpoint and Relative Radiative Forcing Commitment. Environmental Management 42(3): 458-469. doi:10.1007/s00267-008-9145-z

Nabuurs, G.J., van Putten, B., Knippers, T.S., et al. 2008. Comparison of uncertainties in carbon sequestration estimates for a tropical and a temperate forest. Forest Ecology and Management 256(3): 237-245. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2008.04.010

Böttcher, H., Freibauer, A., Obersteiner, M., et al. 2008. Uncertainty analysis of climate change mitigation options in the forestry sector using a generic carbon budget model. Ecological modelling 213(1): 45-62. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.11.007

Mäkipää, R., Peltoniemi, M., Häkkinen, M., Heikkinen, J., Karhu, K., Lehtonen, A., Lindner, M., Liski, J., Muukkonen, P. & Palosuo, T. 2008. Monitoring changes in the carbon stocks of forest soils. In: Derome, J., Lindroos, A.-J. & Kilponen, T. (eds.). Scientific Seminar on Forest Condition Monitoring and Ecosystem Functioning in Northern Europe under the Forest Focus and ICP Forests programmes, Vantaa 27.–28.11.2007, Proceedings. Metlan työraportteja / Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 74. p. 43-47.

Palosuo, T., M. Peltoniemi, A. Mikhailov, A. Komarov, P. Faubert, E. Thuerig and M. Lindner. 2008. Projecting effects of intensified biomass extraction with alternative modelling approaches. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 1423-1433. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2007.10.057


Sievänen, R., Kareinen, T., Hirvelä, H. & Ilvesniemi, H. 2007. Hakkuumahdollisuusarvioihin perustuvat metsien kasvihuonekaasutaseet. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 4/2007:329-339.

Lemma, B., Kleja, D.B., Olsson, M., et al. 2007. Factors controlling soil organic carbon sequestration under exotic tree plantations: A case study using the CO2Fix model in Southwestern Ethiopia. Forest Ecology and Management 252(1-3): 124-131. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2007.06.029

Peltoniemi, M., Heikkinen, J. & Mäkipää, R. 2007. Stratification of regional sampling by model-predicted changes of carbon stocks in forested mineral soils. Silva Fennica 41(3): 527-539.

Peltoniemi, M., Thürig, E., Ogle, S.M., Palosuo, T., Shrumpf, M., Wützler, T., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Chertov, O.G., Komarov, A.S., Mikhailov, A.V., Gärdenäs, A., Perry, C., Liski, J., Smith, P., Mäkipää, R., 2007. Models in country scale carbon accounting of forest soils. Silva Fennica 41(3): 575-602.

Monni, S., Peltoniemi, M., Palosuo, T., Lehtonen, A., Mäkipää, R. & Savolainen, I. 2007. Uncertainty of forest carbon stock changes - implications to the total uncertainty of GHG inventory of Finland. Climatic Change 81(3-4):391-413. doi:10.1007/s10584-006-9140-4


Palosuo, T., Saccomani, M.P., Sievänen, R. and Liski, J. 2006. Global identifiability as a prerequisite for model parameterisation - the case of soil carbon model Yasso. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences 341:129-136.

Wutzler, T. & Reichstein, M. 2006. Soils apart from equilibrium - consequences for soil carbon balance modelling. Biogeosciences Discussions 3:1679-1714. doi:10.5194/bgd-3-1679-2006

Thurig, E. & Schelhaas, M.J. 2006. Evaluation of a large-scale forest scenario model in heterogeneous forests: a case study for Switzerland. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36(3): 671-683. doi:10.1139/x05-283

Schmid, S., E. Thuerig, E. Kaufmann, H. Lischke & H. Bugmann. 2006. Effect of forest management on future carbon pools and fluxes: A model comparison. Forest Ecology and Management 237(1-3):65-82. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2006.09.028

Liski, J., Lehtonen, A., Palosuo, T., Peltoniemi, M., Eggers, T., Muukkonen, P. & Mäkipää, R. 2006. Carbon accumulation in Finland's forests 1922-2004 - an estimate obtained by combination of forest inventory data with modelling of biomass, litter and soil. Annals of Forest Science 63(7):687-697. doi:10.1051/forest:2006049

Peltoniemi, M., Palosuo, T., Monni, S. & Mäkipää, R. 2006. Factors affecting the uncertainty of sinks and stocks of carbon in Finnish forests soils and vegetation. Forest Ecology and Management 232(1-3):75-85. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2006.05.045

de Wit, H., Palosuo, T., Hylen, G. & Liski, J. 2006. A carbon budget of forest biomass and soils in southeast Norway calculated using a widely applicable method. Forest Ecology and Management 225(1-3):15-26. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2005.12.023

Bloch, V.V.H., Flugsrud, K., Gobakken, T., Hylen, G., Rypdal, K. & Tomter, S. 2006. Estimates of emissions and removals resulting from activities under article 3.3 and 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol. Oppdragsrapport fra Skog og landskap [Commissioned Report] 2/06: 30 s. Reprint


Rybdal, K. et al. 2005. Emissions and removals of greenhouse gases from land use, land-use change and forestry in Norway. NIJOS report 11/2005. ISBN 82-7464-352-6. Reprint

Palosuo, T., Liski, J., Trofymow, J.A. & Titus, B., 2005. Litter decomposition affected by climate and litter quality - testing the Yasso model with litterbag data from the Canadian Intersite Decomposition Experiment. Ecological Modelling 189(1-2):183-198. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.03.006

Thuerig, E., Palosuo, T., Bucher, J. & Kaufmann, E. 2005. The impact of windthrow on carbon sequestration in Switzerland: a model-based assessment. Forest Ecology and Management 210(1-3):337-350. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2005.02.030


Kaipainen, T., Liski, J., Pussinen, A. & Karjalainen, T. 2004. Managing carbon sinks by changing rotation length in European forests. Environmental Science & Policy 7(3):205-219. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2004.03.001

Peltoniemi, M., Mäkipää, R., Liski, J. & Tamminen, P., 2004. Changes in soil carbon with stand age - an evaluation of a modeling method with empirical data. Global Change Biology 10(12):2078-2091. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2004.00881.x


Karjalainen, T., Pussinen, A., Liski, J., Nabuurs, G.-J., Erhard, M., Eggers, T., Sonntag, M. & Mohren, G.M.J. 2002. An approach towards an estimate of the impact of forest management and climate change on the European forest sector carbon budget: Germany as a case study. Forest Ecology and Management 162(1):87-103. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00052-X

Palosuo, T., Wihersaari, M. & Liski, J. 2001. Net greenhouse gas emissions due to energy use of forest residues - impact on soil carbon balance. In: Pelkonen, P., Hakkila, P., Karjalainen, T. & Schlamadinger, B. (eds.) Woody Biomass as an Energy Source - Challenges in Europe. European Forest Institute Proceedings 39:115-122. Reprint

Experimental work

Guendehou, G.H.S., Liski, J.,Tuomi, M., Moudachirou, M., Sinsin, B. & Mäkipää, R. 2014. Decomposition and changes in chemical composition of leaf litter of five dominant tree species in a West African tropical forest. Tropical Ecology 55:207-220.

Liski, J., Repo, A., Tuomi, M. & Vanhala, P. 2013. Organic chemical characterization of decomposing plant litter: a comparison of methods. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis (Online). doi:10.1080/00103624.2013.841916

Hilasvuori, E., Akujärvi, A., Fritze, H., Karhu, K., Laiho, R., Mäkiranta, P., Oinonen, M., Palonen, V., Vanhala, P. & Liski, J. 2013. Temperature sensitivity of decomposition in a peat profile. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 67: 47-54.  doi:/10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.08.009

Hämäläinen, K., Fritze, H., Jungner, H., Karhu, K., Oinonen, M., Sonninen, E., Spetz, P., Tuomi, M., Vanhala, P., & Liski, J. 2010. Molecular sieve sampling of CO2 from decomposition of soil organic matter for AMS radiocarbon measurements. Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B 268: 1067-1069. doi:/10.1016/j.nimb.2009.10.099

Vanhala, P., Karhu, K., Tuomi, M., Björklöf, K., Fritze, H., Hyvärinen, H. &  Liski, J. 2010. Transplantation of organic surface horizons of boreal soils into warmer regions alters microbiology but not the temperature sensitivity of decomposition. Global Change Biology 17(1): 538-550. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02154.x

Karhu, K., Fritze, H., Tuomi, M., Vanhala, P. Spetz, P., Kitunen, V. & Liski, J. 2010. Temperature sensitivity of organic matter decomposition in two boreal forest soil profiles. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42: 72-82. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.10.002

Karhu, K., Fritze, H., Hämäläinen, K., Vanhala, P., Jungner, H., Oinonen, M., Sonninen, E., Tuomi, M., Spetz, P. & Liski, J. 2010. Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon fractions in boreal forest soil. Ecology 91(2): 370-376. doi:10.1890/09-0478.1

Vanhala, P., Karhu, K., Tuomi, M., Björklöf, K., Fritze, H & Liski, J. 2008. Temperature sensitivity of soil organic matter decomposition in southern and northern areas of the boreal forest zone. Soil Biology & Biochemistry  40(7): 1758-1764. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.02.021

Vanhala, P., Karhu, K., Tuomi, M., Sonninen, E., Jungner, H., Fritze, H. & Liski, J. 2007. Old soil carbon more temperature sensitive than young in an agricultural field. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 39: 2967-2970. doi:0.1016/j.soilbio.2007.05.022

Doctoral thesis

Porsö, Charlotta 2017. Time-dependent climate impact of production and use of wood pellets from short rotation forestry and logging residues. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology.

Heikkinen, Jaakko 2016. Carbon storage of Finnish agricultural mineral soils and its long-term change.University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences.

Repo, Anna 2015. Climate impacts of bioenergy from forest harvest residues. Aalto University School of Science, Department of Mathematics and Systems Analysis.

Vilén, Terhi 2015. Effects of changes in land-use, age-structure and management on carbon dynamics of European forests. University of Eastern Finland, School of Forest Sciences.

Ortiz, Carina 2012. Sink our Source? Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment.

Karhu, Kristiina 2010. Temperature sensitivity of soil organic matter decomposition in boreal soils. University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences.

Kirkinen, Johanna 2010. Greenhouse impact assessment of some combustible fuels with a dynamic life cycle approach. Åbo Akademi University, Department of Chemical Engineering.

Palosuo, Taru 2008. Soil carbon modelling as a tool for carbon balance studies in forestry. University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Ecology.

Böttcher, Hannes. 2007. Forest management for climate change mitigation - modeling of forestry options, their impact on the regional carbon balance and implications for a future climate protocol. Fakultät für Forst- und Umweltwissenschaften der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau.

Peltoniemi, Mikko 2007. Country-scale carbon accounting of the vegetation and mineral soils of Finland. University of Helsinki, Faculty of Biosciences.

Wutzler, Thomas 2007. Projecting the carbon sink of managed forests based on standard forestry data. Friedrich-Schiller-University, Jena, Department of Geoinformatics and Remote Sensing.

Muukkonen, Petteri 2006. Forest inventory-based large-scale forest biomass and carbon budget assessment: new enhanced methods and use of remote sensing for verification. University of Helsinki, Faculty of Science.

Lehtonen, Aleksi 2005. Carbon stocks and flows in forest ecosystems based on forest inventory data. University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Ecology.

Thürig, Esther 2005. Carbon budget of Swiss forests: evaluation and application of empirical models for assessing future management impacts. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.


Ziche, D., Grüneberg, E., Hilbrig, L., Höhle, J., Liski, J., Repo, A. & Wellbrock, N. 2017. Carbon sequestration in Central European forest soils: combining soil inventory with modelling. Poster. (PDF 1 MB)