Meteorological Research

The Unit consists of four research groups with a staff of approximately 40 persons. The main research topics are: atmospheric modelling, meteorological applications, meteorological remote sensing, and polar meteorology. The Unit acts as a meteorological expert especially in connection with safety issues in close co-operation with the Services Development Unit of the Weather and Safety Directorate.

Numerical Weather Prediction Models

The Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) Group maintains and monitors a regional high resolution numerical weather prediction system as well as carries out related research, particularly in the context of the international HIRLAM consortium. The NWP-system is capable of predicting the weather over Finland and Europe for about two days ahead. The predictions are utilised in the public weather service and as a basis for many specialized forecasts needed for safe aviation, shipping and traffic on roads and rail. Additionally, they are used when forecasting air quality and dispersion of pollutants. The regional numerical weather prediction system is complementary to global systems operated in international cooperation.

Head: PhD Carl Fortelius, phone +358 29 539 4130

Meteorological Research Applications

The Meteorological Research Applications Group performs research and develops meteorological methods (e.g. probabilistic forecasts), specific weather forecasting systems (e.g. road weather) and forecast verification methods. The Group also participates in the development of methods for environmental research and monitoring. In addition, the group is involved in the development of telematic services (intelligent traffic) as well as in wind energy related surveys and research.

Head: Lic.Phil. Pertti Nurmi, phone +358 29 539 3610

Satellite and Radar Applications

The activities of the Satellite and Radar Applications Group focus on meteorological remote sensing applications. Research is carried out on estimation of surface and atmospheric parameters, such as albedo, snow, precipitation and its phase and visibility, using satellite, radar and camera measurements. The objective is to apply the results of the group in weather service and climate research. A new research topic is the assimilation of satellite based snow products in weather models in co-operation with the NWP group. Remote sensing education and international activities are an integral part of the Group's activities.

Head: PhD Terhikki Manninen, phone +358 29 539 4159

Polar Meteorology and Climatology

The Polar Meteorology and Climatology Group studies meteorology, ice, snow and the oceans in high-latitudes. The objectives are to better understand physical processes and intearctions in the climate system and to further develop methods for weather and climate models. The research in the group is based on field work in the Arctic and Antarctic, data analyses, and numerical modelling.

Head: Research Professor Timo Vihma, phone +358 29 539 4173


Contact person

Head of Unit:
PhD Sami Niemelä
phone +358 29 539 4172

Research Administrator:
Heidi Aaltonen
phone +358 29 539 5222

e-mail addresses:

Mailing address:
Finnish Meteorological Institute
P.O.Box 503
FI-00101 Helsinki

Street address:
Erik Palménin aukio 1
FI-00560 Helsinki


Aurinko Collaboratory