ADAPT (2012-2016). Joint research project between the Finnish Meteorological Institute and the University of Eastern Finland for understanding the potential impact of climate change on forest growth and management. Weather and climate analyses focus on the combined effect of storms, unfrozen soil conditions, snow loads and sensitivity to forest fires. Funding: Academy of Finland. Contact: Ari Venäläinen.
CONBIO (2016). The objective of COMBIO is (1) to assess the potential of continuous cover forestry to integrate wood production, climate change mitigation and biodiversity protection, and (2) to analyse the effectiveness, speed, and path dependence of relevant cognitive-behavioral policy instruments for nudging the forest owners' choices with respect to mitigation and adaptation to climate change. the Finnish Meteorological Institute will provide information on the occurrence of drought and windthrow in the future under different climate scenarios and analyse their role in modelling continuous cover forestry. Funding: HENVI Contact: Antti Mäkelä
ELASTINEN (2015-2016) project provides information and seeks solutions for strengthening the capabilities of different sectors to assess and manage risks related to weather, climate, and economic impacts. The project also aims to decrease the vulnerability of Finnish society and increase its adaptive capacity to changing climate. Funding: Government's analysis, assessment and research activities. Contact: Hilppa Gregow.
ILMAPUSKURI (2013-2016). Project studies how climate change adaptation measures in agriculture can improve production systems and methods at both the regional and national level. This project generates important knowledge on how the vulnerability of agriculture can be reduced and how the buffering ability and resilience can be improved with regard to climate change, climate variability, and changes in the occurrence and strength of extreme weather events. The project is carried out in cooperation with MTT Agrifood Research Finland. Funding: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Contact: Kimmo Ruosteenoja.
PERU-AQUAFUTURA (2012-2016) The main research problem of the project is how to develop decision support systems taking into account the societal context of a rapidly growing and developing community to manage the risks related to climate variability and change of the Peruvian water resources sustainably. Understanding climatic variability and anticipation of climate changes in selected regions are essential for the long-term socio-economic plans and policies. Variability and changes of regional climate can influence environmental conditions in many aspects. The project has two complementary approaches. Firstly, the most up-to-date tools in earth system science are used to analyse hydro-climatic variability in Peru and surrounding regions for producing climate change scenarios. Secondly, the use of hydro-climatic information in the planning process and risk management at water resources, agriculture and urban planning will be evaluated and an operable agenda for decision making support system and climate-related risk management will be developed. Funding: Academy of Finland. Contact: Adriaan Perrels.
ACCLIM (2006-2010) The changing climate in Finland: estimates for adaptation studies. The main outcomes of the ACCLIM project include; (i) return periods of extreme weather events based on observations at twelve weather stations, (ii) climate scenarios and probabilistic estimates of changes in climate over Finland based on an analysis of global and regional climate model simulations, (iii) guidance in the use of climate information in climate change impacts and adaptation research. Funded by: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Contact: Kirsti Jylhä
CAREPOL The study investigated the use of climate change research information and climate change scenario data in policy making, and the communication between researchers and policy makers. Contact: Heikki Tuomenvirta
CORE-CLIMAX (2013-2015). Project focuses on assuring the quality of the essential climate variables measured by satellites and determining their utilization rate. This information is critical for numerical weather prediction models; both in data assimilation, and in creating re-analyses. Global re-analyses will be compared to local re-analyses. The potential for utilizing the information mentioned above will be mapped by user surveys. Deliverable D552, Reanalysis and user needs with respect to Climate Change Services. Funding: EU FP7.
CCCRP (2009-2011) Climate Guide, Climate change information dissemination portal. Contact: Juha A. Karhu
DECADE (2011-2015) Decadal climate prediction in adaptation to climate change. One of the objectives is to provide evidence of the decadal climate variability and predictability in the Nordic Region with the aim to assess the impact on forest growth, and energy production and demand. This project builds on the expertise of three parties: the Finnish Meteorological Institute, the Department of Forest Sciences from the University of Helsinki, and the School of Economics at Aalto University. Funding: Academy of Finland. Contact: Teija Seitola.
EAKR-ILKKA (2012-2014) The objective of FMI is to map how the strength of the urban heat island effect depends on the weather type. The goal of the project is also to add information of the city-specific extreme weather events and climate change impacts. The research is carried out in cooperation with the University of Turku and city of Turku. The results will also be presented in the Climate Guide -web portal.
ENSURE The study assesses the costs and benefits of ecosystem services in cities, with special reference to effects of climate and climate change.
FP7 CRISMA project develops an integrated planning and decision support tool set for crises response to potentially disastrous weather events with immediate, extensive, and lasting consequences for population and society. The project includes five elaborate pilots, which function as testing ground for the models and concepts (further) developed in CRISMA. Two of these pilots concern severe Nordic winter storms and Western-European coastal flooding respectively, thereby representing extreme weather events which are typically expected to occur more frequently in many parts of Europe as a result of climate change. FMI (departments 'Weather & Safety' and 'Climate change research') contributes to CRISMA with respect to (1) extreme weather scenarios, (2) crisis management pilot in Nordic area, and (3) economic impact assessment of natural hazards.
FP7 EWENT The objective of the project is to assess the impacts and consequences of extreme weather events on EU transport system. The project also aims to monetise considered impacts. EWENT also evaluates the efficiency, applicability and finance needs for adaptation and mitigation measures which will dampen and reduce the costs of weather impacts. The methodological approach is based on generic risk management framework that follows a standardised process from identification of hazardous phenomena (extreme weather), followed by impact assessment and closed by mitigation and risk control measures. Funded by: EU. Contact: Heikki Tuomenvirta
FP7 MOWE-IT project shall assess factors that prerequisite cross-modal transferability between the air and surface-based European transport systems in order to protect the passengers, shippers, European institutions and citizens against travel delays, cancellations and/or stoppages in freight transfer caused by extreme weather and/or other natural disasters. The project will assess how the companies in passenger and freight transport comply with the European users rights protection legislation shielding theses parties against travel delays, cancellations and/or disruptions, and in case of gaps in conformity, propose new guidelines for cross-modal alignment of decision-making, capacity planning and reserve-building models at transport service and infrastructure providers in addition to incentive structures and policy instruments for more effective legislation enforcement. Such an assessment will also draw from the possibilities to use weather and other information technologies to aid the transport system and operators.
EXWE/SAFIR2014 (2011-2014). The focus is on the evaluation of climate events that are not observed but are possible in theory, together with studying future climate and climate model results through statistical and dynamical methods. The overall objective of the research is to produce a comprehensive study about the frequency, intensity, spatial and temporal variation and the impacts of the extreme weather and sea level events that are relevant from the point of safety of nuclear power plants, as well as clarify the influence of climate change on these. Contact: Kirsti Jylhä
FRAME Future envelope assemblies and HVAC solutions. One aim was to produce Up-to-date weather data for building energy calculations representing typical weather conditions in Finland in the current climate and in the anticipated future climate.
FUME (2009-2013) Project aims at evaluating how climate variability and change, and societal changes in the last decades have affected forest fires in Europe. Funded by: EU FP7.
IRTORISKI The study investigated how the use of cost benefit analysis in climate change adaptation planning can be streamlined such as to be useful both for initial prioritisation of natural hazards according to their risk and for initial comparison of measures regarding a particular hazard, while avoiding complex model exercises.
MERMAID (Identifying Risks and Opportunities for Marine Transport and Tourism in the Arctic) (2014-2016). Socio-economic scenario-based assessment for the Eurasian Arctic. The project assesses the drivers of change in the Eurasian Arctic and the role of Russia, and assesses and defines measures to reduce risks and harness benefits in the Arctic from the Finnish perspective. The project supports the implementation of the Arctic Strategy of Finland and preparations for the Finland's chairmanship of the Arctic Council 2016. Funding Agency: Prime Minister's Office. Contact: Adriaan Perrels
NONAM (NOrdic Network for Adaptive Management) is a Nordic network for promoting co-operation and knowledge exchange among Nordic climate change and adaptation researchers with a particular focus on risk management and decision support with respect to adaptation policy development and related investments, notably regarding infrastructures of various kinds (energy, transport, water & sanitation, communication) and the overarching planning and management systems that create the context in which these systems are designed and operated. The network's activities culminated in the organisation (together with a fellow network NORDCLAD-Net) of a large Adaptation Conference in Helsinki 29-31 August 2012. More information, presentation material, etc. of the conference can be found on the conference website.
POSIVA 2013 Climate projections in the scale of 300 to 100.000 years to be used in design of the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. The study utilizes both paleoclimatological records and climate model simulations.
RECAST The main objective of the study is to assess the impacts of climate change induced uncertainty and growth of weather variability on the social and economic coping range of selected infrastructure and real estate, with the aim to generate insights, methods and procedures that enable better adaptation to climate change.
SAFE-MET (2011-2014) The overall aims of the project are to examine, propose and test ways to strengthen societies' resilience to climate and weather-related hazards and to enhance the multi-disciplinary climate change research in Zambia and Malawi. To reach these aims, the project has two inter-linked themes. First one is to improve Malawi's and Zambia's preparedness for natural disasters by evaluating and improving the current meteorological network and early warning systems. Early warning systems will be assessed both from operational and financial viewpoint. A well-functioning meteorological observation network and early warning system are linked to the second theme with the focus on adaptation to climate change and disaster risk management. The second theme will study climate change adaptation in agriculture and aid supply chains, and analyze the linkages between disaster risk management and climate change adaptation. In addition to Finnish Meteorological Institute, the responsible parties are the Hanken School of Economics and the University of Tampere. Funded by: Academy of Finland.
SETUKLIM The project creates scenarios for future climate in Finland by using CMIP5 climate model projections. In addition, the purpose is to estimate the frequency distribution of low and high temperatures in the future; to develop methods and to estimate variability in the water level at the Finnish coast and probabilities of extreme situations in the future; to collect and produce estimates on e.g. changes in short-lived downpours and heavy snowfall in the future.
FP7 ToPDAd project developes state-of-the-art socioeconomic methods and tools for an integrated assessment supporting regional adaptation decision-making. Based on these, conjectures with respect to EU level policies for the considered sectors Energy, Transport, as well as, Tourism are made. Two time frames are specified; 2010-2050 and 2050-2100 for mid-term and long-term strategy formulations. Regional strategies and EU-level policies need to be consistent across the time frames in order to avoid maladaptation. ToPDAd will also co-operate with and contribute to the European Climate Adaptation Platform (DCLIMATE-ADAPT).
TULUVAT (in Finnish only) The project tests and selects games, models and other IT material for education on climate change in high schools in Finland and tests IT-technology in research communication to schools (webinars), and establishes a network of teachers interested in teaching climate change topics. Contact: Heikki Tuomenvirta
VACCIA (2009-2011) Vulnerability Assessment of ecosystem services for Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation. Funded by: EU LIFE+.