The Finnish Meteorological Institute is a leading expert in meteorology, air quality, climate change, earth observation, marine and arctic research areas.
FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.
In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.
With climate change, near-surface soil, which is the principal source of water for plants, will become increasingly dry almost everywhere in Europe in the course of the 21st century.
If we are unable to get greenhouse gas emissions under control, the projected change will be alarmingly high especially in Southern Europe. The impact on Northern Europe would seem to be somewhat less severe. The study assessed changes in the moisture content of the near-surface soil layer during the 21st century by examining the outputs of 26 global climate change models. As temperatures rise, water is evaporated from soil more efficiently, which has a drying effect on the soil. In Southern Europe and in summer also in Central Europe, drying will be aggravated by the projected decline in rainfall. If greenhouse gas emissions increase uncontrollably, many areas in Southern Europe would see periods of extremely low soil moisture even more frequently than every second summer by the end of the century.
Correspondingly, we would experience severe soil drought in Finland during 2 or 3 years per decade. In these calculations, summers classified as dry in each area are summers during which the soil is drier than it was on average once in a decade in the climate prevailing at the end of the 20th century.
Researcher Kimmo Ruosteenoja, email@example.com
Ruosteenoja, K., T. Markkanen, A. Venäläinen, P. Räisänen and H. Peltola, 2017: Seasonal soil moisture and drought occurrence in
Europe in CMIP5 projections for the 21st century. Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3671-4.
FMI researchers produce some 300 publications annually, the majority of them in international scientific journals. Research results are also published in FMI´ss own publications series. FMI`s own series are:
* FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
* FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders
All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.