Drainage and management of pristine peatlands increase greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. A recent study, based on a new, wide data set collected from northern peatlands indicates that particularly those peatlands which have been taken into agricultural use have significant warming impact on climate.
Siikaneva. Image: Janne Rinne
The effects of peatlands taken into forestry are, on the other hand, less well known and depend on the original peatland type.
Draining a wetland for agricultural use causes twofold effects on the atmosphere: it decreases the high methane emissions typical to pristine wetlands, but increases emissions of nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide, resulting from the decomposition of old peat. The warming impact of increased carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide emissions exceeds the cooling impact caused by the ceased methane emissions. Although extra carbon is fixed into the cultivated crops, it will return rapidly back into the atmosphere.
In the present work, the researchers utilized the concept of radiative forcing in comparing the climatic effects of the different gases. By using this approach the researchers were able to take into account the different lifetime and warming efficiency of the gases.
The work was based on data from 29 peatland measurement sites located on northern hemisphere which belong to the global FLUXNET measurement network. Part of the sites also belong to the ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observation System) research infrastructure, the head office of which is located in Helsinki, Finland.
The uncertain climate footprint of wetlands under human pressure http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/03/19/1416267112.abstract
A.M.R. Petrescu, A. Lohila, J.-P. Tuovinen, D. Baldocchi, A.R. Desai, N. T. Roulet, T. Vesala, A.J. Dolman, W.C. Oechel, B. Marcolla, T. Friborg, J. Rinne, J. Hatala Matthes, L. Merbold, A. Meijide, G. Kiely, M. Sottocornola, T. Sachs, D. Zona, A. Varlagin, D.Y.F. Lai, E. Veenendaal, F.J.W. Parmentier, U. Skiba, M. Lund, A. Hensen, J. van Huissteden, L.B. Flanagan, N. Shurpali, T. Grünwald, E. Humphreys, M. Jackowicz-Korczynski, M. Aurela, T. Laurila, C. Grüning, C.A.R. Corradi, A.P. Schrier-Uijl, T.R. Christensen, M. P. Tamstorf, M. Mastepanov, P.J. Martikainen, S.B. Verma, C. Bernhofer, A. Cescatti. 2015. The uncertain climate footprint of wetlands under human pressure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences vol. 112 no. 11 March 17, 2015
Researcher Annalea Lohila, Finnish Meteorological Institute, tel. +358 29 539 5498, email@example.com
Professor Janne Rinne, Helsinki University, tel. +358 29 415 0574, firstname.lastname@example.org
Academy Professor Timo Vesala, Helsinki University, tel. +358 40 577 9008, email@example.com