Research on three branches of activity

High-quality research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.

The meteorological and marine research programme does basic and applied research on meteorology, atmospheric science and physical oceanography. Research subjects include forecast models for different time frames, scientific applications and remote sensing observations linked to the research area as well as the effects of climate change and how to adapt to them.
The climate research programme does basic and applied research on the different components of the climate system. The research subjects are especially past, current and future climate as well as the composition of the atmosphere and its effects on climate change and air quality. Some of the employees of the programme work at the office in Kuopio.
The space and earth observation centre is responsible for the research of the polar regions and near space as well as developing technology related to the activity. The research subjects are especially arctic research and remote sensing, new observation methods and space. The Arctic Space Centre and Sodankylä office are a part of the Space and earth observation centre.

Science news

FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.

In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.

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Use of biomass data in data assimilation of a global vegetation model

Use of biomass data in data assimilation of a global vegetation model

Biomass is an important variable in the context of climate change. It is crucial to know, how much vegetation can contain carbon in the changing climate.

New remote sensing products enable estimation of plant biomass and thus provide a new benchmark for global vegetation models. In this work we studied possibilities to use different biomass data in data assimilation of a global vegetation model.

Biomass data was added to the data assimilation framework of a French global ORCHIDEE vegetation model, on top of carbon dioxide and water fluxes. This research focused on two forests located in France. In data assimilation the data is fused with model results and new values for the intrinsic model parameters are obtained.

Data assimilation done with Bayesian method showed, that addition of annual biomass increment together with the flux data enabled simultaneous improvements to both flux and biomass increment estimates.

With the new obtained model parameters the ability of model to predict also other biomass associated variables, e.g. fineroot biomass, improved. A future scenario run revealed importance of estimating the net primary production of the vegetation (organic matter produced in photosynthesis) correctly. To reach this aim, measurements that distinguish the components of the carbon dioxide released from the forest, plant respiration and decomposition of the soil organic matter, are needed.

The study also revealed challenges in applying current global vegetation models at canopy level, as they often do not include forest management and storm damages. New vegetation models including forest management allow using of biomass in multiple ways and this study shows possible directions to that work.

This study was done in French LSCE-institute during post doc period of a researcher from the Finnish Meteorological Institute. This research has been funded by European Union and Academy of Finland.

More information:

Researcher Tea Thum,

Thum, T., MacBean, N., Peylin, P.,  Bacour, C., Santaren, D., Longdoz, B., Loustau, D. and Ciais, P., 2017. The potential benefit of using forest biomass data in addition to carbon and water flux measurements to constrain ecosystem model parameters: case studies at two temperate forest sites. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 234, 48-65.

Science news archive

Contact information

Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530

Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172

Climate Research Programme
Director  Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358  29 539 2135

Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701

FMI publications

FMI´s own publications series are:

  • FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
  • FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders

All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.