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Research on three branches of activity

High-quality research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.

The meteorological and marine research programme does basic and applied research on meteorology, atmospheric science and physical oceanography. Research subjects include forecast models for different time frames, scientific applications and remote sensing observations linked to the research area as well as the effects of climate change and how to adapt to them.
The climate research programme does basic and applied research on the different components of the climate system. The research subjects are especially past, current and future climate as well as the composition of the atmosphere and its effects on climate change and air quality. Some of the employees of the programme work at the office in Kuopio.
The space and earth observation centre is responsible for the research of the polar regions and near space as well as developing technology related to the activity. The research subjects are especially arctic research and remote sensing, new observation methods and space. The Arctic Space Centre and Sodankylä office are a part of the Space and earth observation centre.

Science news

FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.

In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.

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Transport and small-scale burning of wood are the most significant sources of black carbon in the Helsinki region

Transport and small-scale burning of wood are the most significant sources of black carbon in the Helsinki region

The Finnish Meteorological Institute took part in a study establishing the levels and sources of black carbon in the Helsinki region.

Local differences were significant and the proportion of local sources in black carbon levels was especially significant.

Levels of black carbon were higher in a street canyon on Mäkelänkatu than in areas in the Helsinki region where low-rise buildings predominate. The share of transport-based emissions in black carbon content was very high (85%) in Mäkelänkatu, where black carbon levels rose on weekday rush-hours and declined at weekends regardless of the season. In areas with low-rise buildings the levels of black carbon were observed in the winter and in evenings, when regional small-scale burning of wood as a source of emissions increased. In wintertime nearly half of the black carbon measured in low-rise areas was from the burning of wood.

More information:

Aku Helin, Researcher, tel. 050 307 6414, aku.helin@fmi.fi

Hilkka Timonen, Researcher, tel. 050 380 2864, hilkka.timonen@fmi.fi

Helin, A., Niemi, J.V., Virkkula, A., Pirjola, L., Teinilä, K., Backman, J., Aurela, M., Saarikoski, S., Rönkkö, T., Asmi, E. & Timonen, H.: Characteristics and source apportionment of black carbon in the Helsinki metropolitan area, Finland, Atmospheric Environment, 190, 87–98, 2018.


Science news archive

Contact information

Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530

Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172

Climate Research Programme
Director  Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358  29 539 2135

Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701

FMI publications

FMI´s own publications series are:

  • FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
  • FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders

All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.