Research on three branches of activity

High-quality research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.

The meteorological and marine research programme does basic and applied research on meteorology, atmospheric science and physical oceanography. Research subjects include forecast models for different time frames, scientific applications and remote sensing observations linked to the research area as well as the effects of climate change and how to adapt to them.
The climate research programme does basic and applied research on the different components of the climate system. The research subjects are especially past, current and future climate as well as the composition of the atmosphere and its effects on climate change and air quality. Some of the employees of the programme work at the office in Kuopio.
The space and earth observation centre is responsible for the research of the polar regions and near space as well as developing technology related to the activity. The research subjects are especially arctic research and remote sensing, new observation methods and space. The Arctic Space Centre and Sodankylä office are a part of the Space and earth observation centre.

Science news

FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.

In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.

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The solar wind is greatly accelerating the release of oxygen ions from the Martian atmosphere

The solar wind is greatly accelerating the release of oxygen ions from the Martian atmosphere

A new high resolution/high performance computing model developed by the Finnish Meteorological Institute shows in detail how the solar wind is stripping oxygen from the upper atmosphere of Mars.

This was based on the findings of the European Space Agency Mars Express probe and the NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) probes to study the erosion of the Martian atmosphere. The follow-up work focused on comparing the model successfully not only with the probe observations but also other models relating to the escape of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere within the context of an international modelling challenge.

More information:

Researcher Riku Järvinen,

Jarvinen R., Brain D.A., Modolo R., Fedorov A., Holmström M., Oxygen ion energization at Mars: Comparison of MAVEN and Mars express observations to global hybrid simulation, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 1678-1689,, 2018

Egan H., Ma Y., Dong C., Modolo R., Jarvinen R., Bougher S., Halekas J., Brain D.A., McFadden J., Connerney J., Mitchell D., Jakosky B., Comparison of Global Martian Plasma Models in the Context of MAVEN Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 123,, 2018

Science news archive

Contact information

Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530

Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172

Climate Research Programme
Director  Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358  29 539 2135

Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701

FMI publications

FMI´s own publications series are:

  • FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
  • FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders

All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.