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Research on three branches of activity

High-quality research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.

The meteorological and marine research programme does basic and applied research on meteorology, atmospheric science and physical oceanography. Research subjects include forecast models for different time frames, scientific applications and remote sensing observations linked to the research area as well as the effects of climate change and how to adapt to them.
The climate research programme does basic and applied research on the different components of the climate system. The research subjects are especially past, current and future climate as well as the composition of the atmosphere and its effects on climate change and air quality. Some of the employees of the programme work at the office in Kuopio.
The space and earth observation centre is responsible for the research of the polar regions and near space as well as developing technology related to the activity. The research subjects are especially arctic research and remote sensing, new observation methods and space. The Arctic Space Centre and Sodankylä office are a part of the Space and earth observation centre.

Science news

FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.

In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.

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Heat is a health risk, especially for the elderly; young people suffer accidents during "pleasant" summer weather

Heat is a health risk, especially for the elderly; young people suffer accidents during "pleasant" summer weather

Health hazards vary according to the weather: heat increases mortality, while pleasant summer temperatures increase the risk for young people to fracture an elbow, for instance.

The linkage between mortality and temperature is U-shaped: both hot and cold temperatures increase the risk of mortality. Mortality is lowest in climatic conditions to which people are best adapted. In Finland mortality is at its lowest when the average daily temperature is about +14 degrees Celsius, which in Finland means a typical summer day when the daytime temperature is slightly above 20 degrees and the overnight temperature is slightly below 10 degrees.

More information:

Researcher Reija Ruuhela, tel. 0500 424 533, reija.ruuhela@fmi.fi

  1. Ruuhela R, Hyvärinen O, Jylhä K, 2018. Regional Assessment of Temperature-Related Mortality in Finland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, 406. doi:10.3390/ijerph15030406.
  1. Ruuhela R, Jylhä K, Lanki T, Tiittanen P, Matzarakis A, 2017. Biometeorological Assessment of Mortality Related to Extreme Temperatures in Helsinki Region, Finland, 1972–2014. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14(8), 944, doi:10.3390/ijerph14080944.
  1. Sinikumpu JJ, Pokka T, Hyvönen H, Ruuhela R, Serlo W, 2017. Supracondylar humerus fractures in children: the effect of weather conditions on their risk. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 27 (2), 243-250, doi 10.1007/s00590-016-1890-8.
  1. Kim S, Sinclair VA, Räisänen J, Ruuhela R, 2018. Heat Waves in Finland: Present and Projected Summertime Extreme Temperatures and Their Associated Circulation Patterns. International Journal of Climatology 38 (3), 1393-1408. DOI: 10.1002/joc.5253.

Science news archive

Contact information

Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530

Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172

Climate Research Programme
Director  Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358  29 539 2135

Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701

FMI publications

FMI´s own publications series are:

  • FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
  • FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders

All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.