Research on three branches of activity

High-quality research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.

The meteorological and marine research programme does basic and applied research on meteorology, atmospheric science and physical oceanography. Research subjects include forecast models for different time frames, scientific applications and remote sensing observations linked to the research area as well as the effects of climate change and how to adapt to them.
The climate research programme does basic and applied research on the different components of the climate system. The research subjects are especially past, current and future climate as well as the composition of the atmosphere and its effects on climate change and air quality. Some of the employees of the programme work at the office in Kuopio.
The space and earth observation centre is responsible for the research of the polar regions and near space as well as developing technology related to the activity. The research subjects are especially arctic research and remote sensing, new observation methods and space. The Arctic Space Centre and Sodankylä office are a part of the Space and earth observation centre.

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FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.

In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.

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Experimental snow measurement methods developed in Sodankylä

Experimental snow measurement methods developed in Sodankylä

New information on manual field measurements of snow water equivalent (SWE) was obtained in Sodankylä Arctic Space Centre as a result of an exceptionally extensive COST ES1404 –field campaign.

Similar data set has not been measured before. The results will be utilized in harmonizing snow measurements and improving their quality and usability. Thereby, also the quality of the current satellite data-based snow monitoring techniques can be improved. Also climate change scenarios exploiting snow information as input data can be enhanced.

The accuracy of SWE measurements and affecting factors were investigated e.g. by comparing 9 different European snow tubes. Snow scientists from Estonia, Finland, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland and Turkey participated in the campaign. Altogether up to 900 individual SWE measurements were obtained. Using the results, snow manual measurement methods can be developed to be more accurate. FMI is conducting important research related to climate change, weather prediction and hydrological modeling, where high quality field measurements are still needed beside models and satellite data.

The results will be published by combining Sodankylä-Suomi 20-22.02.2018 campaign data with previous Reykjavik-Iceland 2017 and Erzurum-Turkey 2016 field campaign data sets.

Further information:

Research Scientist, Dr. Ali Nadir Arslan, tel. +358 50 320 3386,

Research Scientist, Leena Leppänen, tel. +358 40 670 7133,


COST ES1404: A European network for a harmonised monitoring of snow for the benefit of climate change scenarios, hydrology and numerical weather prediction:


Science news archive

Contact information

Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530

Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172

Climate Research Programme
Director  Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358  29 539 2135

Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701

FMI publications

FMI´s own publications series are:

  • FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
  • FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders

All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.