Research on three branches of activity

High-quality research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.

The meteorological and marine research programme does basic and applied research on meteorology, atmospheric science and physical oceanography. Research subjects include forecast models for different time frames, scientific applications and remote sensing observations linked to the research area as well as the effects of climate change and how to adapt to them.
The climate research programme does basic and applied research on the different components of the climate system. The research subjects are especially past, current and future climate as well as the composition of the atmosphere and its effects on climate change and air quality. Some of the employees of the programme work at the office in Kuopio.
The space and earth observation centre is responsible for the research of the polar regions and near space as well as developing technology related to the activity. The research subjects are especially arctic research and remote sensing, new observation methods and space. The Arctic Space Centre and Sodankylä office are a part of the Space and earth observation centre.

Science news

FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.

In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.

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Cold electrons observed around a comet

Cold electrons observed around a comet

New study shows direct detection of strong electron cooling around a comet. Strong electron cooling on the neutral gas in cometary comae has been predicted for a long time, but now first actual measurements of low electron temperature were detected.

Comets are mainly composed of dusty ices originally from the young solar system. Most comets are located in the outer solar system far from the Sun and Earth, where no processes change their composition over long periods of time. Studying comets gives information about conditions when the planets and the solar system was forming. In this work observations of electrically charged particles from Rosetta's LAP instrument were analyzed. Finnish Meteorological Institute has participated in the LAP instrument as well as several other instruments on the Rosetta orbiter and the Philae lander.

More information::

Researcher Riku Järvinen, tel. +358 50 380 3195,

Eriksson et al. (2017), Cold and warm electrons at comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, A&A 605, A15,

Vapaasti saatavilla oleva ennakkojulkaisu artikkelista:


Science news archive

Contact information

Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530

Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172

Climate Research Programme
Director  Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358  29 539 2135

Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701

FMI publications

FMI´s own publications series are:

  • FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
  • FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders

All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.