Nordic Co-operation and Co-operation with the Baltic countries

Nordic Co-operation

Co-operation between the Nordic countries has a long tradition. One of the most important projects starting as a Nordic co-operation has been the development of the HIRLAM Model (High Resolution Limited Area Model). HIRLAM is a European cooperative scientific programme developing a high resolution numerical weather prediction system for the synoptic scale and the mesoscale. which is used to improve the reliability of one to two days regional forecasts. The model development is continuing and later some other European countries have joined in the co-operation.

In 2020 26 meteorological services from Europe and North Africa have decided to strengthen their collaboration to improve weather forecasts in the establishment of a single consortium, named ACCORD to improve short-range weather predictions, and deliver a better service to society. On the other hand, the high spatial resolution short-range numerical weather predictions are the responsibility of National Meteorological Services (NMSs). Since the 1980s, these NMSs have collaborated within the frame of several regional consortia, e.g. HIRLAM.

Three of these consortia have in 2020 entered into a larger partnership, resulting in a unique collaboration of 26 countries of Europe and Northern Africa. Together these NMSs will further develop the science of weather prediction and new algorithms to face the challenges of parallel computer architectures and massive data flows, all for the sake of more accurate weather forecasts. The new consortium will also collaborate closely with EUMETSAT, EUMETNET and ECMWF.   


NORDMET is co-operation between the Nordic National Meteorological Services in the field of Infrastructure. The aim is to achieve better cost efficiency by sharing resources in such areas as observation, information management, product development, production, training and education. The co-operation agreement was established in 1998. NORDMET is governed by a Council, which meets once a year. The Council members are the Directors of the Meteorological Institutes.