The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) has conducted research on how satellite observations can be used to map the soil freezing state globally.
An algorithm for detecting soil freezing has been developed using observations made by the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite of the European Space Agency (ESA) in a study financed by ESA. The method for the detection of soil freezing developed by the FMI provides daily information about the soil freezing state for the entire northern hemisphere.
"The soil freezing detection product is not in operative use, yet, but a so called prototype model covering the winters between 2010 and 2016 already exists. Next, we aim to implement an operative product that will update the most recent soil freezing state with a delay of 1–3 days," says Researcher Kimmo Rautiainen.
The Finnish Meteorological Institute is a leading expert in meteorology, air quality, climate change, earth observation, marine and arctic research areas. FMI is in a unique position to study various themes of climate change in the Northern context.
High-quality observational data and research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.