The FMI's Arctic Research Centre in Sodankylä has observed greenhouse gases using a Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) since the beginning of 2009. During the observation period (2009–2015), an increase in carbon dioxide by 2.2 +/- 0.2 ppm per year was observed.
The Finnish Meteorological Institute is a leading expert in meteorology, air quality, climate change, earth observation, marine and arctic research areas. FMI is in a unique position to study various themes of climate change in the Northern context.
High-quality observational data and research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.