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The meteorological and marine research programme does basic and applied research on meteorology, atmospheric science and physical oceanography. Research subjects include forecast models for different time frames, scientific applications and remote sensing observations linked to the research area as well as the effects of climate change and how to adapt to them.
 
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FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.

In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.

Utilizing drone in height distribution measurements of particulate matter in a street canyon

Utilizing drone in height distribution measurements of particulate matter in a street canyon

Particulate matter concentrations were mapped at different heights in Helsinki in Mäkelänkatu street canyon. An unmanned aerial vehicle, also known as a drone, was used as moving measurement platform. Similar street canyon measurements of particulate matter have not been previously conducted in Finland.

Finnish Meteorological Institute, Tampere University of Technology, Aeromon Ltd. and Helsinki Regional Services Authority (HSY) conducted joint measurements of lung deposited surface area (LDSA) of particulate matter in a street canyon at Mäkelänkatu. The results showed that the concentration of LDSA decreased from 60 µm2/cm3 to 36–40 µm2/cm3 and further down to 16–26 µm2/cm3 when measured from the street level, roof top level and from 50 meters, respectively. Altogether, the LDSA concentration decreased a total of 65 % in the specific weather conditions of the measurement campaign.

The drone, which was as a moving measurement platform proved its usefulness and showed how new technology can be used also in atmospheric composition research.

Measurements conducted in the street canyon provide more detailed information on how particulate matter originating from the vehicle exhausts mixes with background air and dilutes. The effect of dilution is dependent on, for example, the geometry of the street canyon and prevailing weather conditions and therefore results like these can be utilized in e.g. urban planning and computational air quality models.

This research was part of TEKES INKA-ILMA/EAKR-project (Innovatiiviset kaupungit, TEKES nro: 4588/31/2015),  funded by TEKES, European union, HSY, City of Tampere, City of Kuopio, Dekati Ltd., Genano Ltd., Nordic Envicon Ltd., Pegasor Ltd., Sandbox Ltd., Suomen Terveysilma, Trelab Ltd. and Vallox Ltd. The measurements were conducted in November 2016 at Mäkelänkatu 50, Helsinki.

More information:

Researcher Heino Kuuluvainen, Tampere University of Technology, tel. 0505626214, heino.kuuluvainen@tut.fi

Matti Irjala, Aeromon Ltd., tel. 0405959863, matti.irjala@aeromon.fi

Researcher Joel Kuula, Finnish Meteorological Institute, tel. 0447227718, joel.kuula@fmi.fi

Kuuluvainen H., Poikkimäki A., Järvinen A., Kuula J., Irjala M., Dal Maso M., Keskinen J., Timonen H., Niemi J. V. and Rönkkö T. 2018. Vertical profiles of lung deposited surface area concentration of particulate matter measured with a drone in a street canyon. Environmental Pollution, 241, 96-105, doi:  10.1016/j.envpol.2018.04.100

Link to research: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749118301106


Science news archive

Contact information

Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530

Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172

Climate Research Programme
Director  Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358  29 539 2135

Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701

FMI publications

FMI´s own publications series are:

  • FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
  • FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders

All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.