Research on three branches of activity

High-quality research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.

The meteorological and marine research programme does basic and applied research on meteorology, atmospheric science and physical oceanography. Research subjects include forecast models for different time frames, scientific applications and remote sensing observations linked to the research area as well as the effects of climate change and how to adapt to them.
The climate research programme does basic and applied research on the different components of the climate system. The research subjects are especially past, current and future climate as well as the composition of the atmosphere and its effects on climate change and air quality. Some of the employees of the programme work at the office in Kuopio.
The space and earth observation centre is responsible for the research of the polar regions and near space as well as developing technology related to the activity. The research subjects are especially arctic research and remote sensing, new observation methods and space. The Arctic Space Centre and Sodankylä office are a part of the Space and earth observation centre.

Science news

FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.

In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.

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New information on the accuracy of satellite data measuring the Arctic surface radiative energy budget

New information on the accuracy of satellite data measuring the Arctic surface radiative energy budget

Satellite remote sensing is almost the only way to map the energy budget in the Arctic comprehensively. A study discovered weaknesses in the accuracy of satellite-based data sets, which can be improved to obtain more accurate information about the surface radiative energy budget in the region.

Surface radiative energy budget plays an important role in the Arctic, which is covered by snow and ice: when the balance is positive, more solar radiation from the Sun and the Earth's atmosphere arrives on the Earth's surface than is emitted from it. The surplus can then be used to heat and melt the snow and the ice. A deficit in the balance in turn makes freezing possible. "In the long term, changes in this annual cycle of the surface radiative energy budget have a strong link with regional and even global changes in climate conditions," says Aku Riihelä, Research Professor at the Finnish Meteorological Institute.

More information:

Research professor (Tenure Track) Aku Riihelä,

Riihelä, A., J. R. Key, J. F. Meirink, P. Kuipers Munneke, T. Palo, and K.-G. Karlsson (2017), An intercomparison and validation of satellite-based surface radiative energy flux estimates over the Arctic, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, doi:10.1002/2016JD026443.

Science news archive

Contact information

Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530

Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172

Climate Research Programme
Director  Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358  29 539 2135

Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701

Science News
Communications Specialist Eija Vallinheimo
tel. +358 29 539 2231

FMI publications

FMI´s own publications series are:

  • FMI Contributions: high-quality peer-reviewed research results, mainly doctoral dissertations
  • FMI Reports: current research results mainly for customers and other stakeholders

All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.