High-quality research is utilized to develop services to benefit our everyday life. Visible examples are improvement of weather forecasts, development of new expert and warning services as well as applications of the newest research results.
FMI's researchers publish about 300 peer-reviewed articles annually.
In Science News we publish current information about FMI's studies on the weather, the sea and the climate.
A review article on geomagnetic indices reveals that their usage in data selection for internal magnetic field modelling may lead to biased results.
Instead, usage of indices based on global magnetometer networks is recommended, although their original measurements may not always be in the same level as observatory data. During recent 20 years significant progress in internal field modelling has been gained by space-based magnetic field measurements. The three ESA Swarm satellites launched in November 2013 comprise the latest flagship in these activities. Removing the impact of auroral electric currents in Swarm magnetic data is challenging due to their high variable nature. The review article investigates the usability of geomagnetic indices in searching Swarm data with low auroral activity for internal field model construction. Such indices have originally been developed to facilitate event identification in auroral research and they are usually based on data from well-established magnetic observatories. The study reveals that e.g. AE and Kp indices, which are widely used in auroral research, give controversial information about quiescence with 30% probability. The limited spatial coverage of magnetic observatories explains the limited performance of these indices in data selection routines. In validation of internal field models, however, the long-term data archives by magnetic observatories have irreplaceable position.
Researcher Kirsti Kauristie, tel. +358 50 597 8874, email@example.com
Kauristie K., Morschhauser A., Olsen N., Finlay C., McPherron R.L., Gjerloev J.W., Opgenoorth H.J., On the Usage of Geomagnetic Indices for Data Selection in Internal Field Modelling, Space Sci Rev, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0301-0, 2016.
Scientific Director Ari Laaksonen
tel. +358 539 5530
Meteorological and Marine Research Programme
Director Sami Niemelä
tel. +358 29 539 4172
Climate Research Programme
Director Hannele Korhonen
tel. +358 29 539 2135
Space and Earth Observation Centre
Director Jouni Pulliainen
tel. +358 29 539 4701
FMI´s own publications series are:
All publications from 2016 onwards can be found on Helda.