The Finnish Meteorological Institute has the option of issuing emergency warnings of dangerous weather events. The emergency warnings the Institute has issued two times: 27.6.2013 and 12.8.2017.
By law, an emergency warning can be issued if the event poses:
The Finnish Meteorological Institute issues an emergency warning when
The threshold for issuing an emergency warning is high. Before issuing an emergency warning, consideration is given to how many people there are in the danger zone and how exposed they are to danger.
Besides the Finnish Meteorological Institute, emergency warnings are issued by several authorities, including rescue departments, the police, the Border Guard and the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK).
Emergency warnings are issued on the radio channels of the Finnish Broadcasting Company (Yle) and on commercial radio channels operating under a long-term licence. If necessary, emergency warnings are also broadcast on television. On the Finnish Meteorological Institute's website, emergency warnings are displayed on a red band at the top of every page.