Publications of the Air-Sea Interaction group


Björkqvist, J.-V., Lukas, I., Alari, V., van Vledder, G. P., Hulst, S., Pettersson, P., Behrens, A., and Männik, A., 2018: Comparing a 41-year model hindcast with decades of wave measurements from the Baltic Sea, Ocean Engineering, 152, pp. 57-71, DOI: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2018.01.048

Pellikka, H., Leijala, U., Johansson, M. M., Leinonen, K., Kahma, K. K.,  Future probabilities of coastal floods in Finland, Continental Shelf Research, Vol. 157, p. 32-42, ISSN 0278-4343, , 2018

(Tuomi, L., Vähä-Piikkiö, O., Alenius, P., Björkqvist, J.-V., and Kahma, K. K., 2018: Surface Stokes drift in the Baltic Sea based on modelled wave spectra, Ocean Dynamics, 68(1), pp. 17-33, DOI: 10.1007/s10236-017-1115-7)


Almén, A-K, Glippa O., Pettersson, H., Alenius, P. and Engström-Öst, J.: Changes in wintertime pH and hydrography of the Gulf of Finland (Baltic Sea) with focus on depth layers. Environmental Monitoring and Assessement 189:147. DOI 10.1007/s10661-017-5840-7, 2017.

Björkqvist, J.-V., L. Tuomi, C. Fortelius, H. Pettersson, K. Tikka, and K. K. Kahma, Improved estimates of nearshore wave conditions in the Gulf of Finland, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.07.005, Journal of Marine Systems 171:43-53, 2017.

Björkqvist, J.-V., Tuomi, L., Tollman, N., Kangas, A., Pettersson, H., Marjamaa, R., Jokinen, H., and Fortelius, C., Brief communication: Characteristic properties of extreme wave events observed in the northern Baltic Proper, Baltic Sea, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, pp. 1653-1658, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-17-1653-2017, 2017

Joensuu, M., Pilditch, C., Harris, R., Hietanen, S., Pettersson, H. and Norkko, A., Sediment properties, biota, and local habitat structure explain variation in the erodibility of coastal sediments, Limnology and Oceanography,, 2017

Laxague, N. J. M., M. Curcic, J.-V. Björkqvist and B. K. Haus: Gravity-Capillary Wave Spectral Response to Short Gravity Wave Modulation, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 55(5), pp. 2477 - 2485, DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2016.2645539, 2017.

Särkkä J., Kahma K.K., Kämäräinen M., Johansson M., Saku S., "Simulated extreme sea levels at Helsinki", Boreal Environment Research 22:299-315, 2017


Björkqvist, J.-V., Pettersson, H., Laakso, L., Kahma, K. K., Jokinen, H., and Kosloff, P.: Removing low-frequency artefacts from Datawell DWR-G4 wave buoy measurements, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 5, 17-25, doi:10.5194/gi-5-17-2016, 2016. 

Johansson M.M. and Kahma K.K., On the statistical relationship between the geostrophic wind and sea level variations in the Baltic Sea. Boreal Env. Res., 21: 25–43, 2016

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Högström, U., Sahlée, E.,  Smedman, A.-S., Rutgersson, A., Nilsson, E., Kahma, K., Drennan, W., Surface Stress over the Ocean in Swell-Dominated Conditions during Moderate Winds, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 72, p. 4777–4795, doi:, 2015.

Hünicke, B., Zorita, E., Soomere, T., Madsen, K.S., Johansson, M., and Suursaar, Ü. Recent Change—Sea Level and Wind Waves, The BACC II Author Team, Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin, Regional Climate Studies, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-16006-1_9., Pages 155-185, 2015.



Garbe, C. S., Rutgersson, A., Boutin, J., De Leeuw, G., Delille, B., Fairall, C. W., Gruber, N., Hare, J., Ho, D. T., Johnson, M. T., Nightingale, P. D., Pettersson, H., Piskozub, J., Sahlée, E., Tsai, W., Ward, B., Woolf, D. K., Zappa, C. J. Transfer Across the Air-Sea Interface, Chapter 2 in Liss, P. S., Johnson, M. T. (Editors): Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles, Springer Earth System Sciences, 2014, 315 p. (open access).

Johansson, M. M., Pellikka, H., Kahma, K. K., Ruosteenoja, K., 2014. Global sea level rise scenarios adapted to the Finnish coast. Journal of Marine Systems, Vol. 129, pp. 35-46.

Omstedt, A., Humborg, C., Pempkowiak, J., Perttilä,M., Rutgersson, A.,  Schneider, B., Smith, B., Biogeochemical Control of the Coupled CO2–O2 System of the Baltic Sea: A Review of the Results of Baltic-C, Ambio, 43, Issue 1, pp 49-59, 2014

Pellikka, H., Rauhala, J., Kahma, K.K., Stipa, T., Boman, H., Kangas, A., 2014. Recent observations of meteotsunamis on the Finnish coast. Natural Hazards, DOI 10.1007/s11069-014-1150-3

Tuomi, L., Pettersson, H., Fortelius, C., Tikka, K., Björkqvist, J.-V., Kahma, K. K., 2014. Wave modelling in archipelagos. Coastal Engineering, Vol. 83, pp. 205-220.

Valkonen, T., Vihma, T., Johansson, M.M., Launiainen, J., 2014. Atmosphere - sea ice interaction in early summer in the Antarctic: evaluation and challenges of a regional atmospheric model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 140,  pp. 1536-1551. DOI: 10.1002/qj.2237.

Wolski, T., Wiśniewski, B., Giza, A., Kowalewska-Kalkowska, H., Boman, H., Grabbi-Kaiv,  S., Hammarklint, T., Holfort, J., Lydeikaite, Ž., 2014. Extreme sea levels at selected  stations on the Baltic Sea coast. Oceanologia 56 (2):259-290



Högström, U., Rutgersson, A., Sahlée, E., Smedman, A.-S., Hristov, T. S., Drennan, W. M., Kahma, K. K., 2013. Air-Sea Interaction Features in the Baltic Sea and at a Pacific Trade-Wind Site - An Inter-comparison Study. Boundary Layer Meteorology, Vol. 147, Issue 1, pp. 139-163.

Vanhatalo, J., Tuomi, L., Inkala, A., Helle, I., Pitkänen, H., 2013. Probabilistic Ecosystem Model for Predicting the Nutrient Concentrations in the Gulf of Finland under Diverse Management Actions. Environmental Science & Technology, 47(1), pp. 334-341.

Hyytiäinen, K., Lehtiniemi, M., Niemi, J. K., Tikka, K., 2013. An Optimization Framework for Addressing Aquatic Invasive Species. Ecological Economics, Vol. 91, pp. 69-79.



Perttilä, M. Marine Carbon Dioxide, pp. 163-170 in Haapala, I. (Editors): From the Earth's Core to Outer Space, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, Vol. 137, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012. 10.1007/978-3-642-25550-2.

Mälkki, P., Perttilä, M. Baltic Sea Water Exchange and Oxygen Balance, pp. 151-161 in Haapala, I. (Editors): From the Earth's Core to Outer Space, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, Vol. 137, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012. 10.1007/978-3-642-25550-2.

Tuomi, L., Myrberg, K., Lehmann, A., 2012. The performance of the parameterisations of vertical turbulence in the 3D modelling of hydrodynamics in the Baltic Sea. Continental Shelf Research, Vol. 50-51, pp. 64-79.

Belcher, S. E., Grant, A. L. M., Hanley, K. E., Fox-Kemper, B., Van Roekel, L., Sullivan, P. P., Large, W. G., Brown, A., Hines, A., Calvert, D., Rutgersson, A., Pettersson, H., Bidlot, J.-R., Janssen, P. A. E. M., Polton, J. A., 2012. A global perspective on Langmuir turbulence in the ocean surface boundary layer. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 18, Editor's choice.

Tuomi, L., Kahma, K. K., Fortelius, C., 2012. Modelling fetch-limited wave growth from an irregular shoreline. Journal of Marine Systems, Vol. 105-108, pp. 96-105.

Löffler, A., Schneider, B., Perttilä, M., Rehder, G., 2012. Air-sea CO2 exchange in the Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Sea. Continental Shelf Research, Vol. 37, pp. 46-56.



Pettersson, H., Kahma, K. K., Rutgersson, A., Perttilä, M. Air-sea carbon dioxide exchange during upwelling, pp. 420-429 in Komori, S. McGillis, W., and Kurose, R. (Editors): Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces 2010, Kyoto University Press, 2011, ISBN 978-4-87698-560-9

Tuomi, L., Kahma, K. K., Pettersson, H., 2011. Wave hindcast statistics in the seasonally ice-covered Baltic Sea.
Boreal Environment Research, Vol. 16, pp. 451-472.

Sahlée, E., Kahma, K. K., Pettersson, H., Drennan, W. M. Damping of humidity fluctuations in a closed-path system, pp. 516-523 in Komori, S. McGillis, W., and Kurose, R. (Editors): Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces 2010, Kyoto University Press, 2011, ISBN 978-4-87698-560-9



Beldowski, J., Löffler, A., Schneider, B., Joensuu, L., 2010. Distribution and biogeochemical control of total CO2 and total alkalinity in the Baltic Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, Vol. 81, Issue 3, pp. 252-259.

Pettersson, H., Kahma, K. K., Tuomi, L., 2010. Wave Directions in a Narrow Bay. Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 40, pp. 155-169.

Leinonen, J., Kahma, K. K., 2010. Estimating Optimal Weights for Combinations of Multiple Forecasts. Geophysica, Vol. 46(1-2), pp. 47-58.



Johansson, M.M., 2014. Sea level changes on the Finnish coast and their relationship to atmospheric factors. Finnish Meteorological Institute Contributions, 109, 132 pp. (PhD thesis, University of Helsinki)